American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The state of one bound in servitude as the property of a slaveholder or household.
- n. The practice of owning slaves.
- n. A mode of production in which slaves constitute the principal work force.
- n. The condition of being subject or addicted to a specified influence.
- n. A condition of hard work and subjection: wage slavery.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Slabbery; wet with slaver.
- n. A state of servitude; the condition of a slave; bondage; entire subjection to the will and commands of another; the obligation to labor for a master without the consent of the servant; the establishment of a right in law which makes one person absolute master of the body and the service of another.
- n. The keeping or holding of slaves; the practice of keeping human beings in a state of servitude or bondage. Slavery seems to have existed everywhere from very early times. It is recognized in the Old Testament as a prevailing custom, and the Levitical laws contain many regulations in regard to slaves and their rights and duties. Serfdom died out gradually in England in the latter part of the middle ages, and slavery was abolished throughout the British empire in 1833, after long agitation, the sum of twenty million pounds sterling being paid as compensation to the slave-owners. Negro slavery was introduced into the present territory of the United States in 1620, and became recognized as an institution. The Northern States gradually got rid of their slaves by emancipation or transportation in the latter part of the eighteenth and the early part of the nineteenth century. Slavery became a leading and agitating question from the time of the Missouri Compromise (1820), and the number of slave States increased to fifteen.
- n. Servitude; the continuous and exhausting labor of a slave; drudgery.
- n. The act of enslaving.
- n. Synonyms Bondage, etc. See servitude.
- n. 1 and
- n. Vassalage, thraldom, serfdom, peonage.
- n. An institution or social practice of owning human beings as property, especially for use as forced laborers.
- n. A condition of servitude endured by a slave.
- n. figuratively A condition in which one is captivated or subjugated, as by greed or drugs.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The condition of a slave; the state of entire subjection of one person to the will of another.
- n. A condition of subjection or submission characterized by lack of freedom of action or of will.
- n. The holding of slaves.
- n. the practice of owning slaves
- n. work done under harsh conditions for little or no pay
- n. the state of being under the control of another person
- From slave + -ery. (Wiktionary)
“What is sometimes not appreciated is the distinction that was drawn by governments between slavery and actual slave trading: for example, Britain prohibited the _trade_ as early as 1807, but did not abolish _slavery_ within the Empire until 1833; the United States prohibited the trade in 1808, but continued to practise slavery in her slave states until the Civil War.”
“That the abolition of slavery is within the sphere of legislation, I argue, _secondly_, from the fact, that _slavery as a legal system, is the creature of legislation_.”
“The leading object of the second section was the readjustment of the representation of the States in Congress, rendered necessary by the abolition of chattel slavery [_not of political slavery_], effected by the thirteenth amendment.”
“Again: the institution of slavery is only mentioned in the Constitution of the United States two or three times, and in neither of these cases does the word slavery or negro race occur; but covert language is used each time, and for a purpose full of significance.”
“As a proof of this, I need not do more than state the general fact, that slavery has existed under the droppings of the sanctuary of the south for the last two hundred years, and there has not been any war between the _religion_ and the _slavery_ of the south.”
“Texas remains an independent province, or is restored to its legitimate owners, and in either case slavery is abolished, she then becomes, from the very circumstance of her fertility and aptitude for white labour, not only the great _check to slavery_, but eventually the means of its”
“Over the can of grog, the English tar forgets all his hardships and his slavery -- yes, _slavery_; for where is there a greater slavery among white men, than that of impressed”
A Journal of a Young Man of Massachusetts, 2nd ed. Late A Surgeon On Board An American Privateer, Who Was Captured At Sea By The British, In May, Eighteen Hundred And Thirteen, And Was Confined First, At Melville Island, Halifax, Then At Chatham, In England ... And Last, At Dartmoor Prison. Interspersed With Observations, Anecdotes And Remarks, Tending To Illustrate The Moral And Political Characters Of Three Nations. To Which Is Added, A Correct Engraving Of Dartmoor Prison, Representing The Massacre Of American Prisoners, Written By Himself.
“_slavery_; yes! of American slavery in the bosom of a Catholic Republic, where that system of robbery, violence, and wrong, had been legally abolished for twelve years.”
“Good Samaritan, coming and looking at the bleeding victim of the highway robber, and passing on the other side; or, baser still, perverting the pages of the sacred volume to turn into a code of slavery the very word of God! Philosophers, like the Sophists of ancient Greece, pulverized by the sober sense of Socrates, elaborating theories of _moral slavery_ from the alembic of a sugar plantation, and vaporing about lofty sentiments and generous benevolence to be learnt from the hereditary bondage of man to man!”
“Both historic and contemporary sources reveal that the term 'slavery' and 'involuntary servitude' refer only to persons.”
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Words about the Civil War
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a place to; practice/act of; product of; collection of; condition/state of
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