from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle.
- transitive v. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication.
- n. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
- n. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
- n. Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me” ( Listener).
- n. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To encircle or simultaneously extend on all sides of something.
- v. To enclose or confine something on all sides so as to prevent escape.
- n. Anything, such as a fence or border that surrounds something.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To inclose on all sides; to encompass; to environ.
- transitive v. To lie or be on all sides of; to encircle.
- transitive v. To pass around; to travel about; to circumnavigate.
- transitive v. To inclose, as a body of troops, between hostile forces, so as to cut off means of communication or retreat; to invest, as a city.
- n. A method of hunting some animals, as the buffalo, by surrounding a herd, and driving them over a precipice, into a ravine, etc.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To overflow; inundate.
- To encompass; environ; inclose on all sides, as a body of troops, surrounded by hostile forces, so as to cut off communication or retreat; invest, as a fortified place: as, to surround a city; to surround a detachment of the enemy.
- To form an inclosure round; environ; encircle: as, a wall or ditch surrounds the city.
- To make the circuit of; circumnavigate.
- Synonyms To fence in, coop up.
- To overflow.
- n. A method of hunting some animals, such as buffaloes, by surrounding them and driving them over a precipice, or into a deep ravine or other place from which they cannot escape.
- n. A cordon of hunters formed for the purpose of capturing animals by surrounding and driving them.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the area in which something exists or lives
- v. surround with a wall in order to fortify
- v. extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle
- v. surround so as to force to give up
- v. envelop completely
Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed-1 in Indo-European roots).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French soronder, from Late Latin superundare, from super + undare. (Wiktionary)