Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle.
  • transitive v. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication.
  • n. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
  • n. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
  • n. Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me” ( Listener).
  • n. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To encircle or simultaneously extend on all sides of something.
  • v. To enclose or confine something on all sides so as to prevent escape.
  • n. Anything, such as a fence or border that surrounds something.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A method of hunting some animals, as the buffalo, by surrounding a herd, and driving them over a precipice, into a ravine, etc.
  • transitive v. To inclose on all sides; to encompass; to environ.
  • transitive v. To lie or be on all sides of; to encircle.
  • transitive v. To pass around; to travel about; to circumnavigate.
  • transitive v. To inclose, as a body of troops, between hostile forces, so as to cut off means of communication or retreat; to invest, as a city.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To overflow; inundate.
  • To encompass; environ; inclose on all sides, as a body of troops, surrounded by hostile forces, so as to cut off communication or retreat; invest, as a fortified place: as, to surround a city; to surround a detachment of the enemy.
  • To form an inclosure round; environ; encircle: as, a wall or ditch surrounds the city.
  • To make the circuit of; circumnavigate.
  • Synonyms To fence in, coop up.
  • To overflow.
  • n. A method of hunting some animals, such as buffaloes, by surrounding them and driving them over a precipice, or into a deep ravine or other place from which they cannot escape.
  • n. A cordon of hunters formed for the purpose of capturing animals by surrounding and driving them.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the area in which something exists or lives
  • v. surround with a wall in order to fortify
  • v. extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle
  • v. surround so as to force to give up
  • v. envelop completely

Etymologies

Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed-1 in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French soronder, from Late Latin superundare, from super + undare. (Wiktionary)

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