Definitions

from The American HeritageĀ® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention, especially persons awaiting trial under local jurisdiction.
  • n. Detention in a jail.
  • transitive v. To detain in or as if in a jail.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A place for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody or detention, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding.
  • n. Confinement in a jail.
  • n. school
  • n. The condition created by the requirement that a horse claimed in a claiming race not be run at another track for some period of time (usually 30 days).
  • v. To imprison.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding.
  • transitive v. To imprison.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To confine in or as if in a jail; imprison.
  • n. A prison; a building or place for the confinement of persons arrested for crime or for debt; usually, in the United States, a place of confinement for minor offenses in a county.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
  • n. a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government (either accused persons awaiting trial or convicted persons serving a sentence)

Etymologies

From Middle English jaiole (from Old French) and from Middle English gaiol, gaol (from Old North French gaiole), both from Vulgar Latin *gaviola, from Latin *caveola, diminutive of cavea, cage, hollow.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English gaiole, gayle, gaile, gayll, via Old French gaiole, gaole, geole, geole, from Medieval Latin gabiola, for *caveola, a diminutive of Latin caveaĀ ("cavity, coop, cage"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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    October 28, 2009