from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of various Old World chickenlike birds of the genus Coturnix, especially C. coturnix, small in size and having mottled brown plumage and a short tail.
- n. Any of various similar or related New World birds, such as the bobwhite.
- intransitive v. To shrink back in fear; cower.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of various small game birds of the genera Coturnix, Anurophasis or Perdicula in the Old World family Phasianidae or of the New World family Odontophoridae.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To die; to perish; hence, to wither; to fade.
- intransitive v. To become quelled; to become cast down; to sink under trial or apprehension of danger; to lose the spirit and power of resistance; to lose heart; to give way; to shrink; to cower.
- transitive v. To cause to fail in spirit or power; to quell; to crush; to subdue.
- intransitive v. To curdle; to coagulate, as milk.
- n. Any gallinaceous bird belonging to Coturnix and several allied genera of the Old World, especially the common European quail (Coturnix communis), the rain quail (Coturnix Coromandelica) of India, the stubble quail (Coturnix pectoralis), and the Australian swamp quail (Synoicus australis).
- n. Any one of several American partridges belonging to Colinus, Callipepla, and allied genera, especially the bobwhite (called Virginia quail, and Maryland quail), and the California quail (Calipepla Californica).
- n. Any one of numerous species of Turnix and allied genera, native of the Old World, as the Australian painted quail (Turnix varius). See Turnix.
- n. A prostitute; -- so called because the quail was thought to be a very amorous bird.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To begin to die; decline; fade; wither.
- To lose heart or courage; shrink before danger or difficulty; flinch; cower; tremble.
- To slacken.
- To quell; subdue; overpower; intimidate; terrify.
- To curdle; coagulate.
- n. A small gallinaceous bird of the Old World, related to the partridge, and belonging to the genus Coturnix.
- n. One of the various small gallinaceous birds more or less closely resembling the quail proper: loosely applied, with or without a qualifying term, especially in the United States, to all the species of Ortyx or Colinus, Lophortyx, Oreortyx, Callipepla, Cyrtonyx, and other genera of American Ortyginæ or Odontophorinæ.
- n. A prostitute. Also called plover.
- n. The mountain quail, Oreortyx pictus, of the western United States: so named from its bright marking of white and chestnut.
- n. An Australian hemipod, or button-quail, Turnix varius.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. flesh of quail; suitable for roasting or broiling if young; otherwise must be braised
- n. small gallinaceous game birds
- v. draw back, as with fear or pain
Middle English quaille, from Old French, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *coacula, of imitative origin.
Middle English quailen, to give way, probably from Middle Dutch quelen, to suffer, be ill; see gwelə- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Origin uncertain; perhaps compare Middle Dutch queilen. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English quaille, quaile, from Anglo-Norman quaille, from Old Dutch *kwakila (compare West Flemish kwakkel), blend of *kwak ‘quack’ and Proto-Germanic *hwahtilō ‘quail’ (compare Dutch dialect wachtel, German Wachtel), diminutive of Proto-Indo-European *kʷoḱt- ‘quail’ (compare Latin coturnīx, cocturnīx, Lithuanian vaštaka, Sanskrit चातक (cātaka) ‘pied cuckoo’), metathesis of *u̯ortokʷ- ‘quail’ (compare Dutch kwartel, Greek ορτύκι (ortýki), Persian vartij’, Sanskrit वर्तका (vartaka)). (Wiktionary)