from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A narrow confining room, as in a prison or convent.
- n. A small enclosed cavity or space, such as a compartment in a honeycomb or within a plant ovary or an area bordered by veins in an insect's wing.
- n. Biology The smallest structural unit of an organism that is capable of independent functioning, consisting of one or more nuclei, cytoplasm, and various organelles, all surrounded by a semipermeable cell membrane.
- n. Architecture See web.
- n. The smallest organizational unit of a centralized group or movement, especially of a political party of Leninist structure.
- n. Electricity A single unit for electrolysis or conversion of chemical into electric energy, usually consisting of a container with electrodes and an electrolyte; a battery. Also called electrochemical cell.
- n. Electricity A single unit that converts radiant energy into electric energy: a solar cell.
- n. A fuel cell.
- n. Computer Science A basic unit of storage in a computer memory that can hold one unit of information, such as a character or word.
- n. A geographic area or zone surrounding a transmitter in a cellular telephone system.
- n. A storm cell.
- n. A small humble abode, such as a hermit's cave or hut.
- n. A small religious house dependent on a larger one, such as a priory within an abbey.
- n. A box or other unit on a spreadsheet or similar array at the intersection of a column and a row.
- transitive v. To store in a honeycomb.
- intransitive v. To live in or share a prison cell.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
- n. A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
- n. The unit in a statistical array (a spreadsheet, for example) where a row and a column intersect.
- v. To place or enclose in a cell.
- n. A cellular phone.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.
- n. A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent.
- n. Any small cavity, or hollow place.
- n. The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.
- n. Same as Cella.
- n. A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery.
- n. One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.
- transitive v. To place or inclose in a cell.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To shut up in a cell; place in a cell.
- n. One of the water-tight compartments into which the space between the inner and outer shells of a war-vessel, or other metal ship, is divided.
- n. In archaeology, the inner chamber of megalithic structures, which consists of a space walled by large stones and covered with a slab.
- n. In spectroscopy, a small glass vessel with parallel sides designed to hold liquids for examination by transmitted light.
- n. In kinematics, a symmetrical combination of an even number of links.
- n. the dependent nature of the latter and the primacy of the cell; and the resolution of the physiological activities of the multicellular organism into those of the constituent cells. See plastid, Morgan, and person.
- n. According to a second view, which is sometimes called the organism standpoint, the essential primary distinctive characteristic of a multicellular organism is its individuality or unity, while its composition out of cells is an indication of its organization, but not the means through which organization has been brought about; its individuality is directly comparable with, or of the same grade as, that of a unicellular organism, and there is no reason why it may not have arisen, in the remote past, through the growth and increasing complexity of a unicellular ancestor which gradually became multicellular in adaptation to its increasing size and complexity. The unity of the egg is regarded as the same as that of the adult and as regulating instead of being controlled by cell-division, which makes no change in the grade of its individuality. Physiologically it is regarded as a coordinated whole, not as an aggregation of cells.
- n. While there is much to be said in support of each of these opinions, there are grave objections to the acceptance of either of them without compromises with the other, and there is a third view which regards the distinction between the cell standpoint and the organism standpoint as dependent upon the purpose for which the comparison is made, and as in the mind of the interpreter instead of in nature. For many of the purposes of the histologist, the pathologist, the embryologist, and the physiologist the multicellular organism is best considered as a cell-community, while for other purposes it is best considered as a unit or coordinated whole. From the morphological standpoint the cell may properly be regarded apart from the organism, as an individual, but it is not to be forgotten that it is by abstraction that this is done. Physiologically the cell is an individual only when actually isolated and independent of an organism. From this point of view every abstraction is a blunder.
- n. One of the multi-nucleate cells which occur in the red marrow of the bones, or one of the ganglionic cells in the deeper layers of the brain-cortex.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
- n. any small compartment
- n. a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
- n. a room where a prisoner is kept
- n. a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement
- n. a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction
- n. small room in which a monk or nun lives
Middle English celle, from Old English cell and from Old French, both from Latin cella, chamber.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English *cella (attested in inflected forms), from Latin cella ("chamber, small room, compartment"), later reinforced by Anglo-Norman cel, sele, Old French cele. (Wiktionary)
From cell phone, from cellular phone, from cellular + telephone (Wiktionary)