from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A period of time during which a vehicle, person, or material suspected of carrying a contagious disease is detained at a port of entry under enforced isolation to prevent disease from entering a country.
- n. A place for such detention.
- n. Enforced isolation or restriction of free movement imposed to prevent the spread of contagious disease.
- n. A condition of enforced isolation.
- n. A period of 40 days.
- transitive v. To isolate in or as if in quarantine.
- transitive v. To isolate politically or economically.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A desert in which Christ fasted for 40 days according to the Bible
- n. A grace period of 40 days during which a widow has the right to remain in her dead husband's home, regardless of the inheritance
- n. A sanitary measure to prevent the spread of a contagious plague by isolating those believed to be infected.
- n. Such official detention of a ship at or off port due to suspicion that it may be carrying a contagious disease aboard.
- n. A certain place for isolating persons suspected of suffering from a contagious disease.
- n. A certain period of time during which a person is isolated to determine whether they've been infected with a contagious disease.
- n. Any rigorous measure of isolation, regardless of the reason.
- n. A record system kept by port health authorities in order to monitor and prevent the spread of contagious diseases.
- n. A place where email messages or other files which are suspected of harboring a virus are stored.
- v. To retain in obligatory isolation or separation, as a sanitary measure to prevent the spread of contagious disease.
- v. To put in isolation as if by quarantine
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A space of forty days; -- used of Lent.
- n. Specifically, the term, originally of forty days, during which a ship arriving in port, and suspected of being infected a malignant contagious disease, is obliged to forbear all intercourse with the shore; hence, such restraint or inhibition of intercourse; also, the place where infected or prohibited vessels are stationed.
- n. The period of forty days during which the widow had the privilege of remaining in the mansion house of which her husband died seized.
- transitive v. To compel to remain at a distance, or in a given place, without intercourse, when suspected of having contagious disease; to put under, or in, quarantine.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Aperiod of forty days.
- n. A term, originally of forty days, but now of varying length according to the exigencies of the case, during which a ship arriving in port and known or suspected to be infected with a malignant contagious disease is obliged to for-bear all intercourse with the place where she arrives.
- n. The enforced isolation of individuals and certain objects coming, whether by sea or by land, from a place where dangerous communicable disease is presumably or actually present, with a view to limiting the spread of the malady.
- n. Hence, by extension: The isolation of any person suffering or convalescing from acute contagious disease.
- n. The isolation of a dwelling or of a town or district in which a contagious disease exists.
- n. A place or station where quarantine is enforced.
- n. The restriction within limits awarded to naval cadets as a punishment.
- To put under quarantine, in any sense of that word.
- Figuratively, to isolate, as by authority.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease
- n. enforced isolation of patients suffering from a contagious disease in order to prevent the spread of disease
- v. place into enforced isolation, as for medical reasons
Italian quarantina, from quaranta (giorni), forty (days), from Latin quadrāgintā; see kwetwer- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Directly from Latin quadraginta ("forty") (Wiktionary)
From Italian quarantina ("forty"), from quarantina giorni ("forty days"), the period Venetians customarily kept ships from plague-ridden countries waiting for off port), from quaranta ("forty"), from Latin quadraginta ("forty") (Wiktionary)