American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A flag, banner, or ensign, especially:
- n. The ensign of a chief of state, nation, or city.
- n. A long, tapering flag bearing heraldic devices distinctive of a person or corporation.
- n. An emblem or flag of an army, raised on a pole to indicate the rallying point in battle.
- n. The colors of a mounted or motorized military unit.
- n. An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion.
- n. An object that under specified conditions defines, represents, or records the magnitude of a unit.
- n. The set proportion by weight of gold or silver to alloy metal prescribed for use in coinage.
- n. The commodity or commodities used to back a monetary system.
- n. Something, such as a practice or a product, that is widely recognized or employed, especially because of its excellence.
- n. A degree or level of requirement, excellence, or attainment.
- n. A requirement of moral conduct. Often used in the plural.
- n. Chiefly British A grade level in elementary schools.
- n. A pedestal, stand, or base.
- n. Botany The large upper petal of the flower of a pea or related plant.
- n. Botany One of the narrow upright petals of an iris. Also called banner, vexillum.
- n. A shrub or small tree that through grafting or training has a single stem of limited height with a crown of leaves and flowers at its apex.
- n. Music A composition that is continually used in repertoires.
- adj. Serving as or conforming to a standard of measurement or value.
- adj. Widely recognized or employed as a model of authority or excellence: a standard reference work.
- adj. Acceptable but of less than top quality: a standard grade of beef.
- adj. Normal, familiar, or usual: the standard excuse.
- adj. Commonly used or supplied: standard car equipment.
- adj. Linguistics Conforming to established educated usage in speech or writing.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Milit., a distinctive flag; an ensign. Specifically— The principal ensign of an army, of a military organization such as a legion, or of a military chieftain of high rank. In this sense it may be either a flag or a solid object carried on a pole, as the Roman eagle, or the dragon shown in the Bayeux Tapestry, or a combination of a flag with such an object.
- n. In botany, same as banner, 5.
- n. In ornithology: Same as vexillum.
- n. A feather suggesting a standard by its shape or position. See cuts under Scmioptera and standard-bearer.
- n. A standard-bearer; an ensign or ancient.
- n. A weight, measure, or instrument by comparison with which the accuracy of others is determined; especially, an original standard or prototype, one the weight or measure of which is the definition of a unit of weight or measure, so that all standards of the same denomination are copies of it. The only original standard of the United States is a troy pound. See pound, yard, meter.
- n. In coinage, the proportion of weight of fine metal and alloy established by authority. The standard of gold coins in Great Britain is at present 22 carats—that is, 22 parts of fine gold and 2 of alloy; and the sovereign should weigh 123.274 grains troy. The standard of silver coins is 11 ounces 2 pennyweights of pure silver and 18 pennyweights of alloy, making together 1 pound troy; and the shilling should weigh 87.273 grains. The gold and silver coins in current use in the United States are all of the fineness 900 parts of the precious metal in 1,000, the gold dollar weighing 25.8 grains, and the silver dollar 412.5 grains.
- n. That which is set up as a unit of reference; a form, type, example, instance, or combination of conditions accepted as correct and perfect, and hence as a basis of comparison; a criterion established by custom, public opinion, or general consent; a model.
- n. A grade; a rank; specifically, in British elementary schools, one of the grades or degrees of attainment according to which the pupils are classified. The amount of the parliamentary grant to a school depends on the number of children who pass the examination conducted by government inspectors—the rate per pupil differing in the different standards.
- Serving as a standard or authority; regarded as a type or model; hence, of the highest order; of great worth or excellence.
- To bring into conformity with a standard; regulate according to a standard.
- n. An upright; a small post or pillar; an upright stem constituting the support or the main part of a utensil. Specifically— The upright support or stem of a lamp or candlestick; hence, also, a candlestick; especially, a candelabrum resting on the floor in a church.
- n. In carpentry, any upright in a framing, as the quarters of partitions, or the frame of a door.
- n. In ship-building, an inverted knee placed on the deck instead of beneath it.
- n. That part of a plow to which the mold-board is attached.
- n. In a vehicle: A support for the hammer-cloth, or a support for the footman's board. See cut under coach.
- n. An upright rising from the end of the bolster to hold the body laterally.
- n. In horticulture: A tree or shrub which stands alone, without being attached to any wall or support, as distinguished from an espalier or a cordon.
- n. A shrub, as a rose, grafted on an upright stem, or trained to a single stem in tree form.
- n. A stand or frame; a horse.
- n. A large chest, generally used for carrying plate, jewels, and articles of value, but sometimes for linen.
- n. A standing cup; a large drinking-cup.
- n. The chief dish at a meal.
- n. A suit; a set. Compare stand, n., 11.
- n. One who stands or continues in a place; one who is in permanent residence, membership, or service.
- Standing; upright; specifically, in horticulture, standing alone; not trained upon a wall or other support: as, standard roses.
- n. In horticulture, a fruit-tree that grows to its normal size, that is, is not dwarfed; in Great Britain, a tree or other plant that is grown to a single trunk, in distinction from one that is grown in bush form.
- n. In forestry, a tree from 1 to 2 feet in diameter, breast-high.
- n. Same as stand, 13.
- n. A wholesale unit of measurement for timber. A standard of pine timber is equal to 720 feet of 11 inches × 3 inches cross-section. Also, the standard sizes of planks, as St. Petersburg, Quebec, etc.
- n. A level of quality or attainment.
- n. Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations.
- n. An object supported in an upright position.
- n. A musical work of established popularity.
- n. The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
- n. A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
- n. A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
- n. One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
- n. A manual transmission vehicle.
- adj. Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
- adj. of a tree or shrub Growing on an erect stem of full height.
- adj. Having recognized excellence or authority.
- adj. Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
- adj. not comparable, of a motor vehicle Having a manual transmission.
- adj. As normally supplied (not optional).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.
- n. That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
- n. That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
- n. (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.
- n. (Hort.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
- n. (Bot.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
- n. (Mech. & Carp.) An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.
- n. (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
- n. The sheth of a plow.
- n. A large drinking cup.
- adj. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment.
- adj. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value.
- adj. Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall.
- adj. Not of the dwarf kind.
- adj. commonly used or supplied
- adj. regularly and widely used or sold
- n. the value behind the money in a monetary system
- n. an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support)
- adj. conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind
- n. a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
- adj. established or well-known or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence
- n. any distinctive flag
- adj. conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers
- n. a board measure = 1980 board feet
- n. the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
- From Middle English, from the Old French estandart ("gathering place, battle flag"), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally "stand firm, stand hard"), equivalent to stand + -ard. Alternate etymology derives the second element from Old Frankish *ord ("point, spot, place") (compare Old English ord ("point, source, vanguard"), German Standort ("location, place, site, position, base", literally "standing-point")). More at stand, hard, ord.From Old French estendre ("to stretch out"), from Latin extendere, More at extend. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French estandard, rallying place, probably from Frankish *standhard : *standan, to stand; + *hard, fast, hard. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“To meet the demand for a final and standard truth, a demand which realism meets with its doctrine of a being independent of any mind, this philosophy defines a _standard mind_.”
“25·025 British inches, either of these numbers makes the Sacred Cubit nearly half a British inch longer than his avowed standard of length -- an overwhelming difference in any question relating to a _standard_ measure.”
“This little-known ECMA standard is short for "ECMAscript for XML".”
“The Smart Grid and mobile backhaul networks need a key timing standard to work over Ethernet and IP – and ensuring that equipment meets the standard is the focus of a group formed today.”
“You said "Any attempt to raise up a standard is always attacked.”
“Any attempt to raise up a standard is always attacked.”
“Much was made of high what we call standard capacity mags with respect to the Virginia Tech massacre but I noted reports indicating he shot 170 rounds and had 17 magazines.”
“Kathleen Sebelius back on the job after what she calls standard skin cancer surgery.”
“A Bush administration spokesman says too much has been made over what he calls standard I.T. issues.”
“This is due to better diet, less dangerous jobs, improved sanitation and hygiene, improved access to health care, and the entire range of factors that contribute to what we call our standard of living.”
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