American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. One that serves as a pattern or model.
- n. A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
- n. A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An example; a model.
- n. In grammar, an example of a word, as a noun, adjective, or verb, in its various inflections.
- n. In rhetoric, an example or illustration, of which parable and fable are species: a general term, used by Greek writers.
- n. An example serving as a model or pattern; a template.
- n. linguistics A set of all forms which contain a common element, especially the set of all inflectional forms of a word or a particular grammatical category.
- n. A system of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality.
- n. A conceptual framework—an established thought process.
- n. A way of thinking which can occasionally lead to misleading predispositions; a prejudice. A route of mental efficiency which has presumably been verified by affirmative results/predictions.
- n. A philosophy consisting of ‘top-bottom’ ideas (namely biases which could possibly make the practitioner susceptible to the ‘confirmation bias’).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. rare An example; a model; a pattern.
- n. (Gram.) An example of a conjugation or declension, showing a word in all its different forms of inflection.
- n. (Rhet.) An illustration, as by a parable or fable.
- n. (Science) A theory providing a unifying explanation for a set of phenomena in some field, which serves to suggest methods to test the theory and develop a fuller understanding of the topic, and which is considered useful until it is be replaced by a newer theory providing more accurate explanations or explanations for a wider range of phenomena.
- n. the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time
- n. the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
- n. systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
- n. a standard or typical example
- Established 1475-85 from Late Latin paradīgma, from Ancient Greek παράδειγμα (paradeigma, "pattern"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, example, from Late Latin paradīgma, from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai, to compare : para-, alongside; see para-1 + deiknunai, to show. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term "paradigm shift" is bandied around with promiscuous ease.”
“Now, the term paradigm shift is used to suggest the groundbreaking importance of statements such as this:”
“Now, I think that people become angered by paradigm shifts or angered by even hearing the term paradigm shift.”
“After the 1962 publication of Structure, however, the word paradigm came to mean something bigger and more complicated than a mere example.”
“The term paradigm, however, is useful, like a Swiss Army Knife.”
“The Olympic champion of sleep-inducing jargon must be the word "paradigm.”
“A beautiful example of this paradigm is a single cell organism called ciliate – the gene assembly process in ciliates has turned out to be a very elegant computational process which even uses one of the basic data structures of computer science: the linked lists!”
“The fragility of the paradigm is apparent, they contend, when one considers that actions within the private sphere always have consequences with the public sphere, and vice versa.”
“Interestingly the paradigm is associated with an intelligent design approach; for where do we find symbolic coding systems?”
“Can she really be as articulate as she is in the second act and still fail to understand the meaning of the word "paradigm?”
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