Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To remove the errors or mistakes from.
  • transitive v. To indicate or mark the errors in.
  • transitive v. To punish for the purpose of improving or reforming.
  • transitive v. To remove, remedy, or counteract (a malfunction, for example).
  • transitive v. To adjust so as to meet a required standard or condition: correct the wheel alignment on a car.
  • intransitive v. To make corrections.
  • intransitive v. To make adjustments; compensate: correcting for the effects of air resistance.
  • adj. Free from error or fault; true or accurate.
  • adj. Conforming to standards; proper: correct behavior.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Free from error; true; the state of having an affirmed truth.
  • adj. With good manners; well behaved; conforming with accepted standards of behaviour.
  • v. To make something that was not valid become right. To remove error.
  • v. To grade (examination papers).
  • v. To inform (someone) of the latter's error.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Set right, or made straight; hence, conformable to truth, rectitude, or propriety, or to a just standard; not faulty or imperfect; free from error.
  • transitive v. To make right; to bring to the standard of truth, justice, or propriety; to rectify.
  • transitive v. To remove or retrench the faults or errors of; to amend; to set right.
  • transitive v. To bring back, or attempt to bring back, to propriety in morals; to reprove or punish for faults or deviations from moral rectitude; to chastise; to discipline.
  • transitive v. To counteract the qualities of one thing by those of another; -- said of whatever is wrong or injurious.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To make straight or right; remove error from; bring into accordance with a standard or original; point out errors in.
  • Specifically— To note or mark errors or defects in, as a printer's proof, a book, a manuscript, etc., by marginal or interlinear writing.
  • To make alterations in, as type set for printing, according to the marking on a proof taken from it; make the changes required by: as, to correct a page or a form; to correct a proof.
  • To point out and remove, or endeavor to remove, an error or fault in: as, to correct an astronomical observation.
  • To destroy or frustrate; remove or counteract the operation or effects of, especially of something that is undesirable or injurious; rectify: as, to correct abuses; to correct the acidity of the stomach by alkaline preparations.
  • Specifically, in optics, to eliminate from (an eyepiece or object-glass) the spherical or chromatic aberration which tends to make the image respectively indistinct or discolored. See aberration, 4.
  • To endeavor to cause moral amendment in; especially, punish for wrong-doing; discipline.
  • Synonyms Improve, Better. See amend.
  • In accordance or agreement with a certain standard, model, or original; conformable to truth, rectitude, or propriety; not faulty; free from error or misapprehension; accurate: as, the correct time.
  • n. Correction.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. socially right or correct
  • adj. correct in opinion or judgment
  • v. alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
  • v. adjust for
  • v. treat a defect
  • adj. free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth
  • v. go down in value
  • v. punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience
  • v. make reparations or amends for
  • v. censure severely
  • adj. in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure
  • v. make right or correct

Etymologies

Middle English correcten, from Latin corrigere, corrēct-, to correct : com-, intensive pref.; see com- + regere, to rule; see reg- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin correctus ("improved, amended, correct"), past participle of corrigere, conrigere ("to make straight, make right, make better, improve, correct"), from com- ("together") + regere ("to make straight, rule"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • _substantially_ correct, she neither declared nor implied that they were not taught in a manner absolutely correct, but ... as all who believe that they are set forth in a manner _absolutely correct_, believe, necessarily, that they are taught in a manner _substantially_ correct; for that which is absolute embraces that which is substantial and something more; she simply makes an affirmation, so far as two classes

    American Lutheranism Volume 2: The United Lutheran Church (General Synod, General Council, United Synod in the South)

  • Of course, "Survivor: Panama Exile Island" -- let me get the title correct -- is going to make its premier tomorrow night on CBS.

    CNN Transcript Feb 1, 2006

  • I was off sick on Wednesday and went to the doctor, who told me I have -- let me get the term correct -- "bullous myringit, is."

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  • I say chaps, if you are going to write about a book you should at least get the title correct: it is, 'heaven + earth'.

    Crikey » Canberra Calling

  • Look for the paper "National Security Policy of the United States", if I have the term correct in memory.

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • The reason I still generally use WP's search function is the fact that it will take you directly to the article if you get the title correct, and to the results otherwise; quite useful in conjunction with smart keywords, where I can type wp Penguin to get directly at that article.

    Slashdot: Apache

  • AMANPOUR: Well, except for there is a deep belief in martyrdom, for what they call the correct causes -- to throw off oppression and injustice.

    CNN Transcript Aug 22, 2007

  • I remember back in the day one could set up Microsoft Word to "autocorrect" common mis-spellings, and take advantage of that to have it correct a code word such as "bld" to "a move that goes against a pledge made by the Liberal Democrats ahead of the election."

    The Guardian World News

  • It’s all I can do to get these kids so they spell a word correct when they spray their paint.

    Underworld

  • What I would like to demonstrate, if I am indeed correct, is that though the home office spouts ‘quality rather than quantity,’ it has been abused at a local level, where they are going for ‘quantity rather than quality’ (the old sanctioned detections).

    Make the lie big, make it simple and keep saying it. « POLICE INSPECTOR BLOG

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