from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To subject to a penalty for an offense, sin, or fault.
- transitive v. To inflict a penalty for (an offense).
- transitive v. To handle roughly; hurt: My boots were punished by our long trek through the desert.
- intransitive v. To exact or mete out punishment.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To cause to suffer for crime or misconduct, to administer disciplinary action.
- v. To cause great harm to. (a punishing blow)
- v. To dumb down severely or to the point of uselessness or near-uselessness.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To impose a penalty upon; to afflict with pain, loss, or suffering for a crime or fault, either with or without a view to the offender's amendment; to cause to suffer in retribution; to chasten
- transitive v. To inflict a penalty for (an offense) upon the offender; to repay, as a fault, crime, etc., with pain or loss.
- transitive v. To injure, as by beating; to pommel.
- transitive v. To deal with roughly or harshly; -- chiefly used with regard to a contest.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To inflict a penalty on; visit judicially with pain, loss, confinement, death, or other penalty; castigate; chastise.
- To reward or visit with pain or suffering inflicted on the offender: applied to the crime or offense: as, to punish murder or theft.
- To handle severely: as, to punish an opponent in a boxing-match or a pitcher in a baseball game; to punish (that is, to-stimulate by whip or spur) a horse in running a race.
- To make a considerable inroad on; make away with a good quantity of.
- Synonyms Chasten, etc. (see chastise), scourge, whip, lash, correct, discipline.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. impose a penalty on; inflict punishment on
Middle English punissen, punishen, from Old French punir, puniss-, from Latin poenīre, pūnīre, from poena, punishment, from Greek poinē.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English punischen, from Latin punire ("to inflict punishment upon"), from poena ("punishment, penalty"); see pain. (Wiktionary)