from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To force to leave a country or place by official decree; exile.
- transitive v. To drive away; expel: We banished all our doubts and fears.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To send someone away and forbid that person from returning.
- v. To expel, especially from the mind.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To condemn to exile, or compel to leave one's country, by authority of the ruling power.
- transitive v. To drive out, as from a home or familiar place; -- used with from and out of.
- transitive v. To drive away; to compel to depart; to dispel.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To outlaw; put under ban.
- To condemn to exile by political or judicial authority; expel from or relegate to a country or a place, either permanently or for a time: often with objectives of both person and place: as, he was banished the kingdom; Ovid was banished to Tomi.
- To send or drive away; expel; dismiss: with a person or thing as object: as, to banish sorrow; to banish an obnoxious person from one's presence or thoughts.
- Synonyms Banish, Exile, Expel, expatriate, put away, are all used of removal by physical or moral compulsion; they all have a figurative as well as a literal use. To banish is, literally, to put out of a community or country by ban or civil interdict, and indicates a complete removal out of sight, perhaps to a distance. To exile is simply to cause to leave one's place or country, and is often used reflexively; it emphasizes the idea of leaving home, while banish emphasizes rather that of being forced by some authority to leave it: as, the bitterness of exile; banished to Siberia. Expel, literally, to drive out, means primarily to cast out forcibly and violently, and secondarily with disgrace: as, to expel from the chamber, or from college; he was expelled the country.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. ban from a place of residence, as for punishment
- v. expel, as if by official decree
- v. expel from a community or group
- v. drive away
Middle English banishen, from Old French banir, baniss-, of Germanic origin; see bhā-2 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French banir ("to proclaim, ban, banish") and Old English bannan, Proto-Germanic *bannanan (“curse, forbid”). Compare to French bannir. (Wiktionary)