American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A large bag of strong coarse material for holding objects in bulk.
- n. A similar container of paper or plastic.
- n. The amount that such a container can hold.
- n. A short loose-fitting garment for women and children.
- n. Slang Dismissal from employment: finally got the sack after a year of ineptitude.
- n. Informal A bed, mattress, or sleeping bag.
- n. Baseball A base.
- n. Football A successful attempt at sacking the quarterback.
- v. To place into a sack.
- v. Slang To discharge from employment. See Synonyms at dismiss.
- v. Football To tackle (a quarterback attempting to pass the ball) behind the line of scrimmage.
- sack out Slang To sleep.
- v. To rob of goods or valuables, especially after capture.
- n. The looting or pillaging of a captured city or town.
- n. Plunder; loot.
- n. Any of various light, dry, strong wines from Spain and the Canary Islands, imported to England in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A bag; especially, a large bag, usually made of coarse hempen or linen cloth. (See sackcloth.) Sacks are used to contain grain, flour, salt, etc., potatoes and other vegetables, and coal.
- n. A unit of dry measure. English statutes previous to American independence fixed the sack of flour and meal at 5 bushels or 280 pounds, that of salt at 5 bushels, that of coal at 3 bushels (the sacks to measure 50 by 26 inches), and that of wool at 3¼ hundred weight or 364 pounds. Since 1870 the British sack has been 4 imperial bushels. locally, sacks of 2, 3, 3½, and 4 bushels were used as measures in England. The sack has been a widely diffused unit, varying in different countries, from 2 to 4 Winchester bushels. Thus, it was equal to 2 such bushels at Florence, Leghorn, Leyden, Middel-burg, Tournon, etc.; to 2⅛ at Zealand and Beaumont; to 2¼ at Haarlem, Goes, Geneva, Bayonne; to 2⅜ at Amsterdam; to 2½ at Agen, Utrecht, etc.; to 2⅔ at Dort and Montauban; to 2¾ at Granada and Emden; to 2⅞ at Ghent; to 3 at Strasburg, Rotterdam, The Hague, and in Flanders (the common sack); to 3¼ at Brussels; and to 3⅔ at Basel. The sack of Hamburg was nearly 6 bushels, that of Toulon still greater, while the sack of Paris, used for plaster, was under a bushel.
- n. Sackcloth; sacking.
- n. [Also spelled sacque.] A gown of a peculiar form which was first introduced from France into England toward the close of the seventeenth century, and continued to be fashionable throughout the greater part of the eighteenth, century. It had a loose back, not held by a girdle or shaped into the waist, but hanging in straight plaits from the neck-band. See
- n. The loose straight back itself. The term seems to have been used in this sense in the eighteenth century.
- n. [Also spelled sacque.] A kind of jacket or short coat, cut round at the bottom, fitting the body more or less closely, worn at the present day by both men and women: as, a sealskin sack; a sack-coat.
- n. In anatomy and zoology, a sac or saccule.
- To put into sacks or bags, for preservation or transportation: as, to sack grain or salt.
- To inclose as in a bag; cover or incase as with a sack.
- To heap or pile as by sackfuls.
- To give the sack or bag to; discharge or dismiss from office, employment, etc.; also, to reject the suit of: as, to sack a lover.
- n. The plundering of a city or town after storming and capture; plunder; pillage: as, the sack of Magdeburg.
- n. The plunder or booty so obtained; spoil; loot.
- To plunder or pillage after storming and taking: as, to sack a house or a town.
- n. Originally, one of the strong light-colored wines brought to England from the south, as from Spain and the Canary Islands, especially those which were dry and rough. These were often sweetened, and mixed with eggs and other ingredients, to make a sort of punch. The name sweet sack was then given to wines of similar strength and color, but requiring less artificial sweetening. In the seventeenth century the name seems to have been given alike to all strong white wines from the south, as distinguished from Rhenish on the one hand and red wines on the other.
- n. A bag; especially a large bag of strong, coarse material for storage and handling of various commodities, such as potatoes, coal, coffee; or, a bag with handles used at a supermarket, a grocery sack; or, a small bag for small items, a satchel.
- n. The amount a sack holds; also, an archaic or historical measure of varying capacity, depending on commodity type and according to local usage; an old English measure of weight, usually of wool, equal to 13 stone (182 pounds), or in other sources, 26 stone (364 pounds).
- n. uncountable The plunder and pillaging of a captured town or city.
- n. uncountable Loot or booty obtained by pillage.
- n. American football A successful tackle of the quarterback. See verb sense3 below.
- n. baseball One of the square bases anchored at first base, second base, or third base.
- n. informal Dismissal from employment, or discharge from a position, usually as give (someone) the sack or get the sack. See verb sense4 below.
- n. colloquial, US Bed; usually as hit the sack or in the sack. See also sack out.
- n. dated (also sacque) A kind of loose-fitting gown or dress with sleeves which hangs from the shoulders, such as a gown with a Watteau back or sack-back, fashionable in the late 17th to 18th century; or, formerly, a loose-fitting hip-length jacket, cloak or cape.
- n. vulgar, slang The scrotum.
- v. To put in a sack or sacks.
- v. To plunder or pillage, especially after capture; to obtain spoils of war from.
- v. American football To tackle, usually to tackle the offensive quarterback behind the line of scrimmage before he is able to throw a pass.
- v. informal To discharge from a job or position; to fire.
- v. colloquial In the phrase sack out, to fall asleep. See also hit the sack.
- n. dated A variety of light-colored dry wine from Spain or the Canary Islands; also, any strong white wine from southern Europe; sherry.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines.
- n. A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable material, as cloth, leather, and the like; a large pouch.
- n. A measure of varying capacity, according to local usage and the substance. The American
sackof salt is 215 pounds; the sackof wheat, two bushels.
- n. Originally, a loosely hanging garment for women, worn like a cloak about the shoulders, and serving as a decorative appendage to the gown; now, an outer garment with sleeves, worn by women.
- n. A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam.
- n. (Biol.) See 2d Sac, 2.
- v. To put in a sack; to bag.
- v. colloq. To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders.
- n. The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage.
- v. To plunder or pillage, as a town or city; to devastate; to ravage.
- n. a woman's full loose hiplength jacket
- n. any of various light dry strong white wine from Spain and Canary Islands (including sherry)
- n. the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter
- n. an enclosed space
- v. put in a sack
- n. a hanging bed of canvas or rope netting (usually suspended between two trees); swings easily
- v. terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position
- v. plunder (a town) after capture
- n. the quantity contained in a sack
- n. a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
- v. make as a net profit
- n. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
- n. a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases
- From earlier (wyne) seck, from Middle French (vin) sec ("dry (wine)"), from Latin siccus ("dry") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English sacc, from Latin saccus, from Greek sakkos, of Semitic origin; see śqq in Semitic roots.Probably from French (mettre à) sac, (to put in) a sack, from Old French sac, sack, from Latin saccus, sack, bag; see sack1.From French (vin) sec, dry (wine), from Old French, from Latin siccus, dry. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“He would be what you called sack because he was mad, and they would send him to an asylum for lunatics.”
“European countries, as long as their histories have existed; besides the similarity of the texture of their languages, and of many words in them; thus the word sack is said to mean”
“Or should we just all conclude that "Bart" 's an unrepentant, unshamable lyin 'sack'o'sh*te and get on with what we need to do ....”
“You don't want to force a pass so sometimes taking a sack is the best thing, so I was just trying to be smart with the football.”
“And what we learned from that note, the fact that they had fuel, that they had food, ropes, a shovel and a bibby-sack, which is used to -- almost like a sleeping bag, but with several layers.”
“In addition to the fact they shared a paracardial sack, which is the lining outside of the heart, they also had a shared liver and a shared diaphragm, but we were able to easily surgically separate those shared organs, and the rest of the entire time in the operating room was spent by reconstructing them and putting them individually back together.”
“At the bottom of the sack was a print dress made of some slippery material'rayon, perhaps.”
“He never touched it or did anything to call, attention to it, but his body moved as if the plow inside the sack were the fulcrum of his balance.”
“At the bottom of the sack was a grey plastic bag which was tied tightly with clumsily knotted string and held something heavy.”
“That made us guess the sack was the one that Fellows himself had hidden in the river - so we took all the clothes home.”
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