Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Botany See standard.
  • n. Zoology The weblike part of a feather; the vane.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A flag, banner, or standard.
  • n. A company of troops serving under one standard.
  • n. The sign of the cross.
  • n. The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower.
  • n. The rhachis and web of a feather taken together; the vane.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n.
  • n. A flag or standard.
  • n. A company of troops serving under one standard.
  • n.
  • n. A banner.
  • n. The sign of the cross.
  • n. The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower; the standard.
  • n. The rhachis and web of a feather taken together; the vane.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Roman antiquity: Strictly, the standard of a maniple; hence, any military standard, whatever its character, except the eagle of the legion.
  • n. The troops collected under a vexillum; a company; a troop; any body of soldiers serving under an ensign separate from that of the legion; hence, under the empire, the body of veteran soldiers connected with a legion who, having served sixteen years in the legion, were detached under a vexillum of their own, with special privileges, for their remaining four years of service. These vexilla averaged from 500 to 600 in strength.
  • n. Eccles.: A processional banner; also, a processional cross.
  • n. A kind of flag or pennon attached by a cord to the upper part of a bishop's pastoral Staff.
  • n. In heraldry, same as banderole, .
  • n. In botany, the standard, or large posterior petal, of a papilionaceous flower. It is external, and wrapped around the others in the bud. Also vexil. See cut under papilionaceous.
  • n. In ornithology, a pogonium. web, or vane of a feather; also, both webs together with the rachis upon which they are borne. Also called standard.

Etymologies

Latin, flag, diminutive of vēlum, a covering.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin, a standard, a flag. (Wiktionary)

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