from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A banner suspended from a crosspiece, especially as a standard in an ecclesiastical procession or as the ensign of a medieval Italian republic.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A standard or ensign, consisting of a pole with a crosspiece from which a banner is suspended, especially as used in church processions, but also for civic and military display.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The ensign or standard in use by certain princes or states, such as the mediæval republics of Italy, and in more recent times by the pope.
- n. A name popularly given to any flag which hangs from a crosspiece or frame instead of from the staff or the mast itself.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Originally, a banderole or small pennon attached to a lance or spear; an ensign or standard, especially one having two or three streamers or tails, fixed on a frame made to turn like a ship's vane, or suspended from a cross-yard, as in the case of the papal or ecclesiastical gonfalon. See labarum.
Italian gonfalone, of Germanic origin; see gwhen- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Italian gonfalone. (Wiktionary)