from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The bearer of a gonfalon.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. one who bears the gonfalon
- n. an official, particularly a chief magistrate of a mediaeval Italian republic; the bearer of the republic's gonfalon
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An officer at Rome who bears the standard of the Church.
- n. The chief magistrate of any one of several republics in mediæveal Italy.
- n. A Turkish general, and standard keeper.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The bearer of a gonfalon; a chief standard-bearer.
- n. In the middle ages, the title of the chief magistrate of Florence and other Italian republics, elected by the people.
She had addressed it to Piero Soderini, the gonfalonier or leader, of the Republic of Florence.
He also ordered, that as it had been customary for the gonfalonier to sit upon the right hand of the rectors, he should in future take his seat in the midst of them.
The archbishop being with the gonfalonier, under pretense of having something to communicate on the part of the pope, addressed him in such an incoherent and hesitating manner, that the gonfalonier at once suspected him, and rushing out of the chamber to call assistance, found Jacopo di
Salvestro de 'Medici, gonfalonier, ended the admonitions, which were the basis of the Guelf terrorism, and a violent revolt of the ciompi (the poorest workmen) broke out.
The various quarters of Rome organized a parade in which were thirteen floats led by the gonfalonier of the city and the magistrates, which passed from the Piazza Navona to the Vatican, accompanied by the strains of music.
Belonging to an old patrician family, he devoted himself, like thousands of his class in Italy, to commerce, swelled his already substantial fortune, and rose to a position of great prominence and influence among his fellow-citizens, who on several occasions elected him gonfalonier.
His son Giacomo he appointed castellan of St. Angelo and gonfalonier of the Church, but refused him every higher dignity, although Venice enrolled him among its nobili and the King of Spain appointed him general of his army.
That ended, the Pope receives from the hands of the Cardinal of San Clemente the splendid mantle of gonfalonier, and sets it about the duke's shoulders with the prescribed words: "May the Lord array thee in the garment of salvation and surround thee with the cloak of happiness."
Cesare stoops to kiss the Pope's feet, then rising, goes in his gonfalonier apparel, the cap upon his head, to take his place among the cardinals.
"Make you my gonfalonier?" he muttered, in consummate amusement.
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