from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Projecting or jutting beyond a line or surface; protruding.
- adj. Strikingly conspicuous; prominent. See Synonyms at noticeable.
- adj. Springing; jumping: salient tree toads.
- n. A military position that projects into the position of the enemy.
- n. A projecting angle or part.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Worthy of note; pertinent or relevant.
- adj. Prominent.
- adj. Depicted in a leaping posture.
- adj. Projecting outwards, pointing outwards.
- n. an outwardly projecting part of a fortification, trench system, or line of defense
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Moving by leaps or springs; leaping; bounding; jumping.
- adj. Shooting out or up; springing; projecting.
- adj. Hence, figuratively, forcing itself on the attention; prominent; conspicuous; noticeable.
- adj. Projecting outwardly; ; -- opposed to
reëntering. See Illust. of Bastion.
- adj. Represented in a leaping position.
- adj. A salient angle or part; a projection.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Leaping; bounding; jumping; moving by leaps; specifically, in herpetology, saltatorial; habitually leaping or jumping, as a frog or toad; of or pertaining to the Salientia.
- In heraldry, leaping or springing: said of a beast of prey which is represented bendwise on the escutcheon, the hind feet together at the sinister base, and the fore paws raised and usually on a level, though sometimes separate, nearly as when rampant. Also saliant, assailant, effaré.
- Shooting up or out; springing up.
- Projecting outward; convex: as, a salient angle.
- Standing out; conspicuous; prominent; striking.
- In geometry, an angle bending toward the interior of a closed figure, as an ordinary angle of a polygon: opposed to reëntrant angle.
- n. A salient angle or part; a projection.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. represented as leaping (rampant but leaning forward)
- adj. having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
- adj. (of angles) pointing outward at an angle of less than 180 degrees
- n. (military) the part of the line of battle that projects closest to the enemy
Latin saliēns, salient-, present participle of salīre, to leap.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
The heraldic sense "leaping" and the sense "projecting outward" are from Latin saliens, from saliō ("leap, spring"). The senses "prominent" and "pertinent" are relatively recently from the phrase "salient point", which is from the Latin punctum saliens, a translation of Aristotle's term for the embryonal heart visible in (opened) eggs, which he thought seemed to move already. Compare the German calque der springende Punkt. (Wiktionary)