from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The land surface of the world.
- n. The softer, friable part of land; soil, especially productive soil.
- n. The third planet from the sun, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 365.26 days at a mean distance of approximately 149 million kilometers (92.96 million miles), an axial rotation period of 23 hours 56.07 minutes, an average radius of 6,378 kilometers (3,963 miles), and a mass of approximately 5.974 × 1024 kilograms (1.317 × 1025 pounds).
- n. The realm of mortal existence; the temporal world.
- n. The human inhabitants of the world: The earth received the news with joy.
- n. Worldly affairs and pursuits.
- n. Everyday life; reality: was brought back to earth from his daydreams of wealth and fame.
- n. The substance of the human body; clay.
- n. The lair of a burrowing animal.
- n. Chiefly British The ground of an electrical circuit.
- n. Chemistry Any of several metallic oxides, such as alumina or zirconia, that are difficult to reduce and were formerly regarded as elements.
- transitive v. To cover or heap (plants) with soil for protection.
- transitive v. To chase (an animal) into an underground hiding place.
- intransitive v. To burrow or hide in the ground. Used of a hunted animal.
- idiom on earth Among all the possibilities: Why on earth did you put on that outfit?
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. Our planet, third out from the Sun; see main entry Earth.
- n. Soil.
- n. Any general rock-based material.
- n. The ground, land (as opposed to the sky or sea).
- n. A connection electrically to the earth ((US) ground); on equipment: a terminal connected in that manner.
- n. A fox's home or lair.
- n. The world of our current life (as opposed to heaven or an afterlife).
- n. One of the four basic elements.
- n. One of the five basic elements.
- n. One of the five basic elements.
- v. To connect electrically to the earth.
- v. To bury.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits.
- n. The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land.
- n. The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds, including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground
- n. A part of this globe; a region; a country; land.
- n. Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits, interests, and allurements of this life.
- n. The people on the globe.
- n. Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria.
- n. A similar oxide, having a slight alkaline reaction, as lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta.
- n. A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself.
- n. The connection of any part an electric conductor with the ground; specif., the connection of a telegraph line with the ground through a fault or otherwise.
- transitive v. To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den.
- transitive v. To cover with earth or mold; to inter; to bury; -- sometimes with up.
- intransitive v. To burrow.
- n. A plowing.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The terraqueous globe which we inhabit.
- n. One expression only in the Old Testament gives us the word earth in its astronomical meaning,—that in the twenty-sixth chapter of Job:—
- n. The solid matter of the globe, in distinction from water and air; the materials composing the solid parts of the globe; hence, the firm land of the earth's surface; the ground: as, he fell to the earth.
- n. The loose material of the earth's surface; the disintegrated particles of solid matter, in distinction from rock; more particularly, the combinations of particles constituting soil, mold, or dust, as opposed to unmixed sand or clay.
- n. The inhabitants of the globe; the world.
- n. Dirt; hence, something low or mean.
- n. The hole in which a fox or other burrowing animal hides itself.
- n. In chem., a name formerly given to certain inodorous, dry, and uninflammable substances which are metallic oxids, but were formerly regarded as elementary bodies.
- n. In electricity: The union of any point of a telegraph-line, submarine cable, or any system of conductors charged with or conveying electricity with the ground.
- To hide in or as in the earth.
- To put underground; bury; inter.
- To cover with earth or mold; choke with earth.
- In electricity, to put to earth; place in connection with the earth.
- To retire underground; burrow, as a hunted animal.
- n. The act of plowing; a plowing.
- n. A day's plowing.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
- n. the solid part of the earth's surface
- n. the abode of mortals (as contrasted with Heaven or Hell)
- n. the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
- n. the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife
- n. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
- v. hide in the earth like a hunted animal
- v. connect to the earth
- n. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
Middle English erthe, from Old English eorthe.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English erthe, from Old English eorþe ("earth, ground, soil, dry land"), from Proto-Germanic *erþō (“earth, ground, soil”) (compare West Frisian ierde, Low German Er(de)/Ir(de), Dutch aarde, German Erde, Danish jord), related to *erwōn 'earth' (compare Old English ēar, Old High German ero, Old Norse jǫrfi 'gravel'), from Proto-Indo-European *er- (compare Old Irish úr 'earth', Tocharian B yare 'gravel', Ancient Greek éras 'earth', éraze 'on the ground', Albanian varr ("tomb, grave"), Old Armenian երկիր (erkir, "earth"), երկին (erkin, "heaven, sky")). (Wiktionary)