from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Small loose grains of worn or disintegrated rock.
- n. Geology A sedimentary material, finer than a granule and coarser than silt, with grains between 0.06 and 2.0 millimeters in diameter.
- n. A tract of land covered with sand, as a beach or desert. Often used in the plural.
- n. The loose, granular, gritty particles in an hourglass.
- n. Moments of allotted time or duration: "The sands are numb'red that makes up my life” ( Shakespeare).
- n. Slang Courage; stamina; perseverance: "She had more sand in her than any girl I ever see; in my opinion she was just full of sand” ( Mark Twain).
- n. A light grayish brown to yellowish gray.
- transitive v. To sprinkle or cover with or as if with sand.
- transitive v. To polish or scrape with sand or sandpaper.
- transitive v. To mix with sand.
- transitive v. To fill up (a harbor) with sand.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.
- n. A beach or other expanse of sand.
- n. Personal courage (used before or around 1920s).
- n. A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
- n. A light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
- adj. Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
- v. To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.
- v. To cover with sand.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet.
- n. A single particle of such stone.
- n. The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life.
- n. Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide.
- n. Courage; pluck; grit.
- transitive v. To sprinkle or cover with sand.
- transitive v. To drive upon the sand.
- transitive v. To bury (oysters) beneath drifting sand or mud.
- transitive v. To mix with sand for purposes of fraud.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Water-worn detritus, finer than that to which the name gravel would ordinarily be applied: but the line between sand and gravel cannot be distinctly drawn, and they frequently occur intermingled.
- n. A tract or region composed principally of sand, like the deserts of Arabia; or a tract of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide: as, the Libyan Sands; the Solway sands.
- n. Any mass of small hard particles: as, the sand of an hour-glass; sand used in blotting.
- n. In founding, a mixture of sand, clay, and other materials used in making molds for casting metals.
- n. Sandstone: so used in the Pennsylvania petroleum region, where the various beds of petroliferous sandstone are called oil-sands, and designated as first, second, third, etc., in the order in which they are struck in the borings. Similarly, the gas-bearing sandstones are called gas-sands.
- n. plural The moments, minutes, or small portions of time; lifetime; allotted period of life: in allusion to the sand in the hour-glass used for measuring time.
- n. Force of character; stamina; grit; endurance; pluck.
- To sprinkle with sand; specifically, to powder with sand, as a freshly painted surface in order to make it resemble stone, or fresh writing to keep it from blotting.
- To add sand to: as, to sand sugar.
- To drive upon a sand-bank.
- n. A message; a mission; an embassy.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. rub with sandpaper
- n. a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
- n. fortitude and determination
- n. French writer known for works concerning women's rights and independence (1804-1876)
Middle English, from Old English.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- 'to pour' (compare English dialectal samel 'sand bottom', Old Irish to-ess-sem 'to pour out', Latin sentina 'bilge water', Lithuanian sémti 'to scoop', Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō) 'to gather', ἄμη (amē) 'water bucket'). (Wiktionary)