American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Small loose grains of worn or disintegrated rock.
- n. Geology A sedimentary material, finer than a granule and coarser than silt, with grains between 0.06 and 2.0 millimeters in diameter.
- n. A tract of land covered with sand, as a beach or desert. Often used in the plural.
- n. The loose, granular, gritty particles in an hourglass.
- n. Moments of allotted time or duration: "The sands are numb'red that makes up my life” ( Shakespeare).
- n. Slang Courage; stamina; perseverance: "She had more sand in her than any girl I ever see; in my opinion she was just full of sand” ( Mark Twain).
- n. A light grayish brown to yellowish gray.
- v. To sprinkle or cover with or as if with sand.
- v. To polish or scrape with sand or sandpaper.
- v. To mix with sand.
- v. To fill up (a harbor) with sand.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Water-worn detritus, finer than that to which the name gravel would ordinarily be applied: but the line between sand and gravel cannot be distinctly drawn, and they frequently occur intermingled. Sand consists usually of the debris of crystalline rocks, and quartz very commonly predominates in it, since this mineral is very little liable to chemical change or decomposition. In regions of exclusively calcareous rocks there is rarely any considerable amount of what can be properly called
sand, finely comminuted calcareous materials being extremely liable to become reconsolidated. Sand occurs in every stage of wear, from that in which the particles have sharp edges, showing that they have been derived from the recent breaking up of granitic and other silicious rocks, to that in which the fragments are thoroughly rounded, showing that they have been rubbed against one another during a great length of time. Sand, when consolidated by pressure or held together by some cement, becomes sandstone; and a large part of the material forming the series of stratified rocks is sandstone.
- n. A tract or region composed principally of sand, like the deserts of Arabia; or a tract of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide: as, the Libyan Sands; the Solway sands.
- n. Any mass of small hard particles: as, the sand of an hour-glass; sand used in blotting.
- n. In founding, a mixture of sand, clay, and other materials used in making molds for casting metals. It is distinguished according to different qualities, etc., and is therefore known by specific names: as, core-sand, green sand, old sand, etc.
- n. Sandstone: so used in the Pennsylvania petroleum region, where the various beds of petroliferous sandstone are called oil-sands, and designated as first, second, third, etc., in the order in which they are struck in the borings. Similarly, the gas-bearing sandstones are called gas-sands.
- n. plural The moments, minutes, or small portions of time; lifetime; allotted period of life: in allusion to the sand in the hour-glass used for measuring time.
- n. Force of character; stamina; grit; endurance; pluck.
- To sprinkle with sand; specifically, to powder with sand, as a freshly painted surface in order to make it resemble stone, or fresh writing to keep it from blotting.
- To add sand to: as, to sand sugar.
- To drive upon a sand-bank.
- n. A message; a mission; an embassy.
- n. uncountable Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.
- n. often in the plural A beach or other expanse of sand.
- n. uncountable, obsolete Personal courage (used before or around 1920s).
- n. uncountable, geology A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
- n. A light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
- adj. Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.
- v. transitive To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.
- v. transitive To cover with sand.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet.
- n. rare A single particle of such stone.
- n. The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life.
- n. Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide.
- n. Slang Courage; pluck; grit.
- v. To sprinkle or cover with sand.
- v. obsolete To drive upon the sand.
- v. To bury (oysters) beneath drifting sand or mud.
- v. colloq. To mix with sand for purposes of fraud.
- v. rub with sandpaper
- n. a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
- n. fortitude and determination
- n. French writer known for works concerning women's rights and independence (1804-1876)
- From Middle English, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- 'to pour' (compare English dialectal samel 'sand bottom', Old Irish to-ess-sem 'to pour out', Latin sentina 'bilge water', Lithuanian sémti 'to scoop', Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō) 'to gather', ἄμη (amē) 'water bucket'). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This enables great whites to detect a heart beat of prey buried in sand from a faint electrical field or the action of a gill or a swimming muscle of another animal.”
“The most common releasing agent is sand, and hence the term sand moulding.”
“They bring in sand from the shore in every fold of their clothes, and it shakes out of them on to the carpets and the sofa cushions, and everything in the house.”
“After seeing what happened to Kerry and Gore, pretending that wingnut smears will just go away if we stick our heads in the sand is a recipe for defeat.”
“Burying one's head in the sand is an equally ineffective tactic.”
“Can I tell that this fellow, who shows me the stop watches and shows me marks in the sand is athletic?”
“This sand is absolutely dry to the stern of the Intrepid and no craft could pass through here.”
“Well, one day she went to what they call a sand-diviner.”
“I've always been fascinated by deep-sea critters, so getting to see groups of them on video was very cool. looks like a giant version of what we call a sand flea ..... use it for bait na'vi miller (Sent Wednesday, March 31, 2010 7: 07 PM)”
“Jacob, playing in sand which is dirty and likely infested with germs”
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