Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A fine-grained impure corundum used for grinding and polishing.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An impure type of corundum, often used for sanding or polishing.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Corundum in the form of grains or powder, used in the arts for grinding and polishing hard substances. Native emery is mixed with more or less magnetic iron. See the Note under corundum.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To coat or cover with emery, as in making emery-cloth, emery-paper, or the like.
  • To rub or polish with emery or with emery-paper, emery-cloth, etc.
  • n. A granular mineral substance belonging to the species corundum, which when pure consists of alumina with slight traces of various metallic oxids.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old French emeri, emeril, from Late Latin smericulum, from Greek smiris.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French émeri, from Old French esmeril, from Late Latin smericulum, from Ancient Greek σμῆρις (smēris, "powder used for polishing") (alternative spelling: σμύρις (smuris)). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Still another variety, greyish-black and generally associated with hæmatite iron ore, is called emery, and, when ground in different degrees of fineness, is so well known by its general use as a polishing medium as to need no description.

    The Chemistry, Properties and Tests of Precious Stones

  • Herein also is the kind of corundum known as emery, and esteemed for its polishing properties.

    How to See the British Museum in Four Visits

  • Several authors mention the use of emery, which technically is a fine sand made from a very hard form of aluminum oxide (corundum) which has a Mohs scale hardness of 9, but the term has been used loosely as "emery" per se was not available in Egypt.

    Interactive Dig Hierakonpolis - Hierakonpolis 2009 - Field Note 3

  • Other ingredients, such as emery, may also be added in the matrix; and

    Chapter 7

  • These prizes should be Hallow-e'en souvenirs, such as emery cushions of silk representing tomatoes, radishes, apples, pears, pickles; or pen-wipers representing brooms, bats, cats, witches, etc. FLOUR TEST

    Games for Hallow-e'en

  • In safety matches _red_ phosphorus, an oxidizing agent, and some gritty material such as emery is placed on the side of the box, while the match tip is provided as before with an oxidizing agent and an easily oxidized substance, usually antimony sulphide.

    An Elementary Study of Chemistry

  • These prizes should be Hallow-e'en souvenirs, such as emery cushions of silk representing tomatoes, radishes, apples, pears, pickles; or pen-wipers representing brooms, bats, cats, witches, etc. CANDLE AND APPLE

    Games For All Occasions

  • If it is to be made into polished plate it must be ground down first with sand and water; then ground smoother still with a coarse kind of emery stone and water; next ground again with water and powdered emery stone.

    The Story of Glass

  • The diamond was not very well known among the ancients; and if we add to this reason the similarity between the words smiris, the Egyptian asmir, "emery", a species of corindon used to polish precious stones, and shmyr, the Hebrew word supposed to mean the diamond, we may conclude with probability that the limpid corindon was intended.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 14: Simony-Tournon

  • "What is known as emery is the more or less impure product from the same source.

    The Wonder Island Boys: The Mysteries of the Caverns

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