from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To make smooth and shiny by rubbing or chemical action.
- transitive v. To remove the outer layers from (grains of rice) by rotation in drums.
- transitive v. To free from coarseness; refine: polish one's manners.
- transitive v. To remove flaws from; perfect or complete: polish one's piano technique; polish up the lyrics.
- intransitive v. To become smooth or shiny by or as if by being rubbed.
- intransitive v. To become perfect or refined.
- n. Smoothness or shininess of surface or finish.
- n. A substance containing chemical agents or abrasive particles and applied to smooth or shine a surface: shoe polish.
- n. The act or process of polishing.
- n. Elegance of style or manners; refinement.
- polish off Informal To finish or dispose of quickly and easily.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A substance used to polish.
- n. Cleanliness; smoothness, shininess.
- n. Refinement; cleanliness in performance or presentation.
- v. To shine; to make a surface very smooth or shiny by rubbing, cleaning, or grinding.
- v. To refine; remove imperfections from.
- v. To apply shoe polish to shoes.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To make smooth and glossy, usually by friction; to burnish; to overspread with luster
- transitive v. Hence, to refine; to wear off the rudeness, coarseness, or rusticity of; to make elegant and polite.
- intransitive v. To become smooth, as from friction; to receive a gloss; to take a smooth and glossy surface.
- n. A smooth, glossy surface, usually produced by friction; a gloss or luster.
- n. Anything used to produce a gloss.
- n. Fig.: Refinement; elegance of manners.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To make smooth and glossy, as a surface of marble, wood, etc., whether by rubbing or by coating with varnish, etc., or in both ways.
- Figuratively, to render smooth, regular, uniform, etc.; remove roughness, inelegance, etc., from; especially, to make elegant and polite.
- To beat; chastise; punish.
- Synonyms To burnish, furbish, brighten, rub up.
- To civilize.
- To become smooth; receive a gloss; take a smooth and glossy surface.
- Figuratively, to become smooth, regular, uniform, elegant, or polite.
- n. Smoothness of surface, produced either by friction or by the application of some varnish, or by both means combined.
- n. A substance used to give smoothness or to help in giving smoothness to any surface. See French polish, varnish-polish, etc., below.
- n. Smoothness; regularity; elegance; refinement; especially, elegance of style or manners.
- n. A liquid application prepared by dissolving gum-shellac in alcohol, or an imitation of this. It is applied with a sponge or rag, and the surface is then rubbed very thoroughly, the operation being usually repeated two or three times.
- n. The paste by which such a polish is produced.
- Pertaining to Poland, a country of Europe, or to its inhabitants.
- n. The language of the Poles.
- n. Same as Polish checkers.
- n. A highly ornamental breed of the domestic hen, characterized especially by the large globular crest, and in most varieties having also a full muff or beard.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state
- n. a preparation used in polishing
- v. make (a surface) shine
- n. the Slavic language of Poland
- v. improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
- n. a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
- adj. of or relating to Poland or its people or culture
- n. the property of being smooth and shiny
Middle English polisshen, from Old French polir, poliss-, from Latin polīre.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin polire ("to polish, make smooth"). (Wiktionary)