American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To improve and prepare (land), as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; till.
- v. To loosen or dig soil around (growing plants).
- v. To grow or tend (a plant or crop).
- v. To promote the growth of (a biological culture).
- v. To nurture; foster. See Synonyms at nurture.
- v. To form and refine, as by education.
- v. To seek the acquaintance or goodwill of; make friends with.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To till; prepare for crops; manure, plow, dress, sow, and reap; manage and improve in husbandry: as, to cultivate land; to cultivate a farm.
- To raise or produce by tillage: as, to cultivate corn or grass.
- To use a cultivator upon; run a cultivator through: as, to cultivate a field of standing corn. See cultivator .
- To improve and strengthen by labor or study; promote the development or increase of; cherish; foster: as, to cultivate talents; to cultivate a taste for poetry.
- To direct special attention to; devote study, labor, or care to; study to understand, derive advantage from, etc.: as, to cultivate literature; to cultivate an acquaintance.
- To improve; meliorate; correct; civilize.
- v. To grow plants, notably crops
- v. To nurture; to foster; to tend.
- v. To turn or stir soil in preparation for planting.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To bestow attention, care, and labor upon, with a view to valuable returns; to till; to fertilize.
- v. To direct special attention to; to devote time and thought to; to foster; to cherish.
- v. To seek the society of; to court intimacy with.
- v. To improve by labor, care, or study; to impart culture to; to civilize; to refine.
- v. To raise or produce by tillage; to care for while growing.
- v. prepare for crops
- v. teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment
- v. foster the growth of
- v. adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment
- From Medieval Latin cultivātus, perfect passive participle of cultivō ("till, cultivate"), from cultīvus ("tilled"), from Latin cultus, perfect passive participle of colō ("till, cultivate"), which comes from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (“to move; to turn (around)”). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέλω (pelō) and Sanskrit चरति (cárati). The same Proto-Indo-European root also gave Latin in-quil-īnus ("inhabitant") and anculus ("servant"). (Wiktionary)
- Medieval Latin cultīvāre, cultīvāt-, from cultīvus, tilled, from Latin cultus, past participle of colere, to till. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A grower in Papparapatti village of Dharmapuri district says with the government's help, he can cultivate from a hectare of trees at least double India's nominal per capita income level of $1030 in 2009.”
“YouTube, copyright, Creative Commons, government works, and the Public Domain – cultivate creativity on Dec 5th at 5pm”
“I think probably the most popular habit we writers cultivate is having coffee to hand.”
“The chief food of these islanders, besides the gourds and other vegetables which they cultivate, is the white fish, for which the lake is celebrated; and while we were exploring the island, the Indians set off in their canoes to catch some for us.”
“Humanity is to "cultivate" - that is, to create culture out of God's raw materials.”
“Does higher education in Martha Nussbaum's ringing phrase "cultivate humanity"?”
“And one of the things that I have tried to cultivate is to tell people I do not want them to tell me what they think I want to hear -- and I must say, they have certainly taken that to heart.”
“We have none -- none whom we specially cultivate, that is.”
“Pen pals with the same name cultivate long-distance friendship”
“In this case CN needs to understand that its behaviour is not going to win it any esteem – which is something all corporations like to cultivate which is why they hire PR flacks.”
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