Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Often called "the Holy Land.”Palestine A historical region of southwest Asia at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea and roughly coextensive with modern Israel and the West Bank. Occupied since prehistoric times, it has been ruled by Hebrews, Egyptians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and Turks. A British League of Nations mandate oversaw the affairs of the area from 1920 until 1948, when Israel declared itself a separate state and the West Bank territory was occupied by Jordan. The West Bank was subsequently annexed (1950) by Jordan and occupied (1967) by Israel. In 1988 the Palestine Liberation Organization under Yasir Arafat declared its intention of forming an Arab state of Palestine, probably including the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Arab sector of Jerusalem. The Palestinians achieved limited self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank with the signing of the Oslo accords (1993, 1995). Negotiations stalled in 2000 when fighting broke out between Palestinian militants and Israeli forces.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. The West Bank and Gaza Strip, taken collectively; that is, the parts occupied by Israel and those under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority.
  • proper n. Country established ib west bank and gaza strip. State of Palestine
  • proper n. The region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
  • proper n. The Roman province Palestina.
  • proper n. A British colonial entity administering approximately the lands of modern State of Israel plus the West Bank and Gaza Strip; the lands administered by this entity.
  • proper n. The British League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, of which this region was a part (the remainder being Transjordan, which covered approximately the lands of the modern Kingdom (originally Emirate) of Jordan).

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an ancient country in southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea; a place of pilgrimage for Christianity and Islam and Judaism
  • n. a former British mandate on the east coast of the Mediterranean; divided between Jordan and Israel in 1948

Etymologies

From Latin Palaestīna ("Roman province of Palestine"), from Ancient Greek Παλαιστίνη (Palaistinē), from Hebrew פְּלֶשֶׁת (p'léshet, "Philistia, land of the Philistines"); revived as a political territorial name in 1920 for the British Mandate. (Wiktionary)

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