Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To arrange in a line or so as to be parallel: align the tops of a row of pictures; aligned the car with the curb.
  • transitive v. To adjust (parts of a mechanism, for example) to produce a proper relationship or orientation: aligning the wheels of a truck.
  • transitive v. To ally (oneself, for example) with one side of an argument or cause: aligned themselves with the free traders.
  • intransitive v. To adhere to a prescribed course of action.
  • intransitive v. To move or be adjusted into proper relationship or orientation.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To form in line; to fall into line.
  • v. To adjust or form to a line; to range or form in line; to bring into line.
  • v. To adhere oneself with a group or a way of thinking.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To adjust or form to a line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to aline.
  • transitive v. To form in line; to fall into line.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • See aline, alinement.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
  • v. place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
  • v. be or come into adjustment with
  • v. align oneself with a group or a way of thinking

Etymologies

French aligner, from Old French : a-, to (from Latin ad-; see ad-) + ligne, line (from Latin līnea; see line1).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English alynen, alinen ("copulate"), Middle French aligner, from Old French alignier. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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