from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To keep up or carry on; continue: maintain good relations.
- transitive v. To keep in an existing state; preserve or retain: maintain one's composure.
- transitive v. To keep in a condition of good repair or efficiency: maintain two cars.
- transitive v. To provide for; support: maintain a family.
- transitive v. To keep in existence; sustain: enough food to maintain life.
- transitive v. To defend or hold against criticism or attack: maintained his stand on taxes.
- transitive v. To declare to be true; affirm: maintained her innocence.
- transitive v. To adhere or conform to; keep: maintain a busy schedule.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To hold or keep in any particular state or condition; to support; to sustain; to uphold; to keep up; not to suffer to fail or decline
- transitive v. To keep possession of; to hold and defend; not to surrender or relinquish.
- transitive v. To continue; not to suffer to cease or fail.
- transitive v. To bear the expense of; to support; to keep up; to supply with what is needed.
- transitive v. To affirm; to support or defend by argument.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To hold in an existing state or condition; keep in existence or continuance; preserve from lapse, decline, failure, or cessation; keep up: as, to maintain an upright attitude; to maintain a conversation.
- To furnish means for the subsistence or existence of; sustain or assist with the means of livelihood; provide for; support: as, to maintain a family or an army; to maintain a costly equipage.
- To hold fast; keep in possession; preserve from capture or loss: as, to maintain one's ground in battle or in argument; to maintain an advantage.
- To give support or encouragement to; uphold; countenance; vindicate, as by defense or adjudication.
- To uphold by argument or assertion; hold to: as, to maintain the doctrine of the Trinity.
- To represent; denote.
- Synonyms and Defend, Vindicate, etc. See assert.
- To behave; conduct one's self.
- 2. To hold as true; hold.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. stick to correctly or closely
- v. have and exercise
- v. support against an opponent
- v. maintain by writing regular records
- v. keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction
- v. state categorically
- v. maintain for use and service
- v. supply with necessities and support
- v. state or assert
- v. keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,
Middle English maintainen, from Old French maintenir, from Medieval Latin manutenēre, from Latin manū tenēre, to hold in the hand : manū, ablative of manus, hand; see man-2 in Indo-European roots + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Anglo-Norman maintenir, Old French maintenir, from Late Latin manutenere ("support"), from Latin manū ("with the hand") + tenēre ("hold"). (Wiktionary)