American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To infer (something) without sufficiently conclusive evidence.
- v. To make a guess or conjecture.
- n. An idea or opinion based on insufficiently conclusive evidence; a conjecture.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The thought that something may be, of which, however, there is no certain or strong evidence; speculation; conjecture.
- n. Thought; reflection.
- n. Synonyms See surmise, verb, and inference.
- To accuse; make a charge against; also, to bring forward as an accusation.
- In old English law, to suggest; allege.
- To infer or guess upon slight evidence; conjecture; suspect.
- Synonyms Imagine, Guess, etc. (see conjecture); fancy, apprehend, mistrust.
- n. In old English law, a suggestion. See suggestion, 5.
- n. In ecclesiastical law, an allegation in a libel.
- n. Thought, imagination, or conjecture, which may be based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess; as, surmises of jealousy or of envy.
- n. Reflection; thought; posit.
- v. To conjecture, to opine or to posit with contestable premises.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A thought, imagination, or conjecture, which is based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess.
- n. obsolete Reflection; thought.
- v. To imagine without certain knowledge; to infer on slight grounds; to suppose, conjecture, or suspect; to guess.
- n. a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
- v. imagine to be the case or true or probable
- v. infer from incomplete evidence
- From Old French surmis, past participle of surmetre, surmettre ("to accuse"), from sur- ("upon") + metre ("to put"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English surmisen, to accuse, from Old French surmise, feminine past participle of surmettre : sur-, sur- + mettre, to put (from Latin mittere). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“As you can surmise from the whole movie situation, the Colombian bus system seems to be run by evangelicals and lewd fellows of the baser sort.”
“But all I can surmise is that compared to those mushy frozen vegetables that I mentioned in gross foods, these were heaven.”
“What really happened we do not know, but the agreed surmise is that it was some stroke of the heart.”
“Second, as I'm sure you may surmise, is the word "author.”
“We can surmise from the inventory too that Salas was probably a literate man as his goods included four books on surgery, a book of stories, and two hand-painted writing desks.”
“Also as you may surmise from the title, Nine pushes the consent issue a little before he gets an actual yes from Rose.”
“When pump number six breaks down, threatening the precious drinking water and breathable air with its released chemicals - which we can surmise is the cause of mankind's slow descent from brainy to brainless - Alvin lacks the means to fix it and so embarks on a short quest to the local college Engineering department and library.”
“But my surmise is that Ms. Woodling has been salting away a cadre of such people in the DOJ (and that at least some of this cadre have been hired over the conventionally-credentialed people listed by Bart, which in itself is scarcely cause for concern, depending on the numbers).”
“If you have not found it, you cannot know where it is, you can only surmise, which is not the same thing.”
“But all other authors  have found fault with Katáda in his surmise, which is not supported by any word in the text or by any contemporary evidence.”
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