American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To encounter suddenly or unexpectedly; take or catch unawares.
- v. To attack or capture suddenly and without warning.
- v. To cause to feel wonder, astonishment, or amazement, as at something unanticipated.
- v. To cause (someone) to do or say something unintended.
- v. To elicit or detect through surprise.
- n. The act of surprising or the condition of being surprised.
- n. Something, such as an unexpected encounter, event, or gift, that surprises.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of coming upon anything unawares, or of taking it suddenly and without warning or preparation: as, the fort was taken by surprise.
- n. The state of being seized with astonishment; an emotion excited by something happening suddenly and unexpectedly; astonishment; amazement.
- n. Anything which causes the feeling of surprise, as an unexpected event or a novel and striking thought.
- n. A dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no other contents, or with contents of unexpected quality or variety.
- n. Same as back-scratcher, 2.
- n. Synonyms See surprise, v., and surprising.
- To come upon unexpectedly; fall upon or assail suddenly and without warning; take or capture one who is off his guard, by an unexpected movement.
- To seize suddenly; capture.
- To disconcert; confuse; confound.
- To strike with sudden astonishment, as by something unexpected or remarkable either in conduct or in speech, or by the appearance of something unusual: often used in a weakened sense.
- To lead or bring unawares; betray; lead (a person) to do or say something without previous intention: with into: as, to be surprised into making a confession or an explanation.
- To hold possession of; hold.
- Synonyms Surprise, Astonish, Amaze, Astound, startle. The italicized words are in the order of strength. They express the effect upon the mind of that which is unexpected and perhaps sudden. To surprise is, literally, to take unawares or suddenly, to affect with wonder: as, I am surprised to find you here. Astonish applies especially to that which is great or striking. Amaze, literally, to put into a maze, is used to express perturbation or bewilderment in one's surprise, and naturally therefore belongs to that which closely concerns one's self or is incomprehensible. To astound is to overwhelm with surprise, to make dumb, helpless, or unable to think. We are surprised at a thing because we did not expect it, astonished because of its remarkableness in some respect, amazed because we cannot understand how it came to pass, astounded so that we do not know what to think or do.
- n. Something not expected.
- n. attributive Unexpected.
- n. The feeling that something unexpected has happened.
- v. transitive To cause (someone) to feel unusually alarmed or delighted.
- v. transitive To do something to (a person) that they are not expecting, as a surprise.
- v. intransitive To undergo or witness something unexpected.
- v. intransitive To cause surprise.
- v. transitive To attack unexpectedly.
- v. transitive To take unawares.
- adj. Unexpected.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of seizing unexpectedly; surprisal.
- n. The state of being surprised, or taken unawares, by some act or event which could not reasonably be foreseen; emotion excited by what is sudden and strange; a suddenly excited feeling of wonder or astonishment.
- n. Anything that causes such a state or emotion.
- n. obsolete A dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no other contents.
- v. To come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack.
- v. To strike with wonder, astonishment, or confusion, by something sudden, unexpected, or remarkable; to confound.
- v. To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with
- v. obsolete To hold possession of; to hold.
- v. come upon or take unawares
- n. the act of surprising someone
- n. the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you
- n. a sudden unexpected event
- v. attack by storm; attack suddenly
- v. cause to be surprised
- From Middle English, from Middle French surprise ("an overtake"), from noun use of past participle of Old French surprendre ("to overtake"), from sur- ("over") + prendre ("to take"), from Latin prendere, contracted from prehendere ("to grasp, seize") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English surprisen, to overcome, from Old French surprise, feminine past participle of surprendre, to surprise : sur-, sur- + prendre, to take (from Latin prehendere, prēndere, to seize). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I just searched it for: UHI… Result ..surprise, surprise ZERO Heat island then… surprise surprise again ZERO…You can at least give credit to SMHI admitting there is a strange cigar named UHIE…”
“At every point, the surprise is a learning opportunity, because it means there was something wrong with their understanding, which they have to fix.”
“Why this should come as a surprise is a mystery to me, as I have elaborated on in previous posts.”
“Another surprise is the favorable treatment given to trash removal behemoth Waste Management, Inc. that is portrayed as a company spending major research dollars to make landfills better.”
“They didn't disappoint me, Clinton was suppose to win Penn, I don't know what the surprise is all about, what she didn't do is win by double digets as some are saying, go to Penn State website.”
“Hanson says hotels have become more creative in what he calls the surprise fee.”
“Hansen says hotels have become more creative in what he calls the surprise fee.”
“Hanson says hotels are more creative in what he calls the surprise fee.”
“But the surprise is absent only because this blog has been part of the controversy, taking nearly half a million hits since the news broke.”
“I think in this kind of public finance the surprise is the good one.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘surprise’.
All these terms have a (different) American English equivalent. Wonder if you can identify them?
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Dearest creature in creation,
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Looking for tweets for surprise.