American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act of confusing or the state of being confused: Backstage confusion made the rehearsal difficult.
- n. An instance of being confused: "After his awakening to Chicano identity, he briefly mastered his inner confusions and found an articulate voice” ( David C. Unger).
- n. Psychology Impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of confusing or mingling together two or more things or notions properly separate; the act or process of becoming confused or thrown together in disorder, so as to conceal or obliterate original differences, etc.
- n. The state of being confused or mixed together, literally or figuratively; an indiscriminate or disorderly mingling; disorder; tumultuous condition: as, the confusion of the crowd.
- n. The state of having confused or indistinct ideas; lack of clearness of thought.
- n. Perturbation of mind; embarrassment; abashment; trouble; distraction.
- n. Overthrow; destruction; ruin.
- n. One who confuses; a confounder; a troubler.
- n. In civil law, merger of two titles in the same person.
- n. In civil law and Scots law, an extinction of an obligation or servitude by the fact that the two persons whose divided position is requisite for the continuance of a debt become one person, for example, when one becomes the heir of the other.
- n. Synonyms Derangement, jumble, chaos, turmoil.
- n. Perplexity, bewilderment, distraction, mortification.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The state of being mixed or blended so as to produce indistinctness or error; indistinct combination; disorder; tumult.
- n. The state of being abashed or disconcerted; loss self-possession; perturbation; shame.
- n. Overthrow; defeat; ruin.
- n. obsolete One who confuses; a confounder.
- n. an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended
- n. a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another
- n. a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
- n. a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused
- n. disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
- From Old French confusion. (Wiktionary)
“Here, to simplify the discussion, we are using the term confusion in place of unawareness (ignorance), but without any connotation of disorganization, disorientation, or dementia.”
“Johnson's divisions, and one from Pickett's corps, flung itself upon it, and drove Crawford's and Ayre's division in confusion from the field for nearly two miles.”
“Lieutenant and boat's crew put off in confusion from the sinking vessel, and begged of Commodore Ingraham to cease firing, telling him that the water was already up to the berth-deck, and that they surrendered.”
“I think the name confusion can only help us, right?”
“This article demonstrates that a source of this confusion is a misunderstanding of the nature of a conviction and the difference between a fact necessarily decided to establish an element of the crime and an extraneous fact that appears in the record of conviction.”
“Anyway, she walks through this circle of standing stones and appears back in 1743 where the first person she sees when she emerges from her confusion is a gentlemen in 18th century army officers 'uniform, who looks just like her husband.”
“Your confusion is a function of your reliance on simple-minded stereotypes.”
“Adding to her confusion is the revelation that the current film is a remake of a doomed polish production that was never finished due to an unspeakable tragedy …”
“Adding to the confusion is the franticly changing, seemingly unrelated - and tedious - details when describing the characters.”
“Adding to the confusion is the way my mysteries are handled at the Borders chain.”
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