from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To remove (an outer layer, for example) from a surface by forceful strokes of an edged or rough instrument: scraped the wallpaper off before painting the wall.
- transitive v. To abrade or smooth by rubbing with a sharp or rough instrument.
- transitive v. To rub (a surface) with considerable pressure, as with an edged instrument or a hard object.
- transitive v. To draw (a hard or abrasive object) forcefully over a surface: scraped my fingernails down the blackboard.
- transitive v. To injure the surface of by rubbing against something rough or sharp: scraped my knee on the sidewalk.
- transitive v. To amass or produce with difficulty: scrape together some cash.
- intransitive v. To come into sliding, abrasive contact.
- intransitive v. To rub or move with a harsh grating noise.
- intransitive v. To give forth a harsh grating noise.
- intransitive v. To economize or save money by paying attention to very small amounts; scrimp.
- intransitive v. To succeed or manage with difficulty: scraped through by a narrow margin.
- n. The act of scraping.
- n. The sound of scraping.
- n. An abrasion on the skin.
- n. An embarrassing predicament.
- n. A fight; a scuffle.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To draw an object, especially a sharp or angular one, along (something) while exerting pressure.
- v. To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
- v. To barely manage to achieve.
- v. To extract data embedded in a screenshot or formatted medium (such as an HTML web page) by means of an automated program.
- n. A broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
- n. A fight; especially a fist fight without weapons.
- n. An awkward set of circumstances.
- n. A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
- n. A shallow depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To rub over the surface of (something) with a sharp or rough instrument; to rub over with something that roughens by removing portions of the surface; to grate harshly over; to abrade; to make even, or bring to a required condition or form, by moving the sharp edge of an instrument breadthwise over the surface with pressure, cutting away excesses and superfluous parts; to make smooth or clean.
- transitive v. To remove by rubbing or scraping (in the sense above).
- transitive v. To collect by, or as by, a process of scraping; to gather in small portions by laborious effort; hence, to acquire avariciously and save penuriously; -- often followed by together or up.
- transitive v. To express disapprobation of, as a play, or to silence, as a speaker, by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; -- usually with down.
- intransitive v. To rub over the surface of anything with something which roughens or removes it, or which smooths or cleans it; to rub harshly and noisily along.
- intransitive v. To occupy one's self with getting laboriously.
- intransitive v. To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or like instrument.
- intransitive v. To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
- n. The act of scraping; also, the effect of scraping, as a scratch, or a harsh sound.
- n. A drawing back of the right foot when bowing; also, a bow made with that accompaniment.
- n. A disagreeable and embarrassing predicament out of which one can not get without undergoing, as it were, a painful rubbing or scraping; a perplexity; a difficulty.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To shave or abrade the surface of with a sharp or rough instrument, especially a broad instrument, or with something hard; scratch, rasp, or shave, as a surface, by the action of a sharp or rough instrument; grate harshly over.
- To make clean or smooth by scratching, rasping, or planing with something sharp or hard.
- To remove or take off by or as by scratching or rubbing; erase: with out, off, or the like.
- To collect by careful effort; gather by small earnings or savings: with together or up, or the like: as, to scrape enough money together to buy a new watch.
- Synonyms Scrape, Scratch, Chafe, Abrade, Erode. Scraping is done with a comparatively broad surface: as, to scrape the ground with a hoe; scratching is done with that which is somewhat sharp: as, to scratch the ground with a rake; chafing and abrading are done by pressure or friction: as, a chafed heel. Erode is chiefly a geological term, meaning to wear away by degrees as though by gnawing or biting out small amounts. Scraping generally removes or wears the surface; scratching makes lines upon the surface; chafing produces heat and finally soreness; abrading wears away the surface; eroding may cut deep holes. Only chafe may be freely figurative.
- To scratch, or grub in the ground, as fowls.
- To rub lightly or gratingly: as, the branches scraped against the windows.
- To draw back the foot in making obeisance: as, to bow and scrape.
- To play with a bow on a stringed instrument: a more or less derogatory use.
- To save; economize; hoard penuriously.
- n. The act or noise of scraping or rubbing, as with something that roughens or removes a surface; hence, the effect of scraping, rubbing, or scratching: as, a noisy scrape on a floor; the scrape of a pen.
- n. A scraping or drawing back of the foot in making obeisance.
- n. An embarrassing position, usually due to imprudence and thoughtlessness.
- n. The concreted turpentine obtained by scraping it out from incisions in the trunks of Pinus australis.
- n. A shave.
- n. Same as scrap.
- To scratch; draw sharply across something; “strike,” as a match.
- To remove the scrape, or concreted turpentine, from the faces of turpentined trees.
- In golf, to drag the club slowly along the ground in the act of putting.
- n. A small dredge which removes material by scraping the top; a scraper.
- n. A plow or cultivator shovel consisting of a straight horizontal blade of steel, in use placed obliquely on the stock; a scraper.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. scratch repeatedly
- v. bend the knees and bow in a servile manner
- v. bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of
- v. cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
- n. a harsh noise made by scraping
- n. a deep bow with the foot drawn backwards (indicating excessive humility)
- n. an indication of damage
- v. make by scraping
- v. gather (money or other resources) together over time
- n. an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa ("to scrape, scratch") and Old English scrapian ("to scrape, scratch"), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōnan, *skrepanan (“to scrape, scratch”), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb-, *skrep- (“to engrave”). Cognate with Dutch schrapen ("to scrape"), German schrappen ("to scrape"), Danish skrabe ("to scrape"), Icelandic skrapa ("to scrape"), Walloon screper ("to scrape"), Latin scribō ("dig with a pen, draw, write"). (Wiktionary)