from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of (part of the body) without breaking the skin, as by a blow.
- transitive v. To damage (plant tissue), as by abrasion or pressure: bruised the fruit by careless packing.
- transitive v. To dent or mar.
- transitive v. To pound (berries, for example) into fragments; crush.
- transitive v. To hurt, especially psychologically.
- intransitive v. To experience or undergo bruising: Peaches bruise easily.
- n. An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
- n. A similar injury to plant tissue, often resulting in discoloration or spoilage.
- n. An injury, especially to one's feelings.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
- v. To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.
- v. Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
- v. To bruise easily.
- n. A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
- n. A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse.
- transitive v. To break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush.
- intransitive v. To fight with the fists; to box.
- n. An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To injure by a blow or by pressure without laceration; contuse, as a pliant substance; dent or beat in without breaking, as anything hard: as, to bruise the hand; a bruised apple; “his bruised shield,”
- To crush by beating or pounding; pound; bray, as drugs or articles of food.
- Figuratively, to beat down or oppress; cudgel, as the brain; scourge; damage.
- To fight with the fists; box.
- n. A contusion; a superficial injury caused by impact, without laceration, as of an animal body, a plant, or other impressible object.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
- v. injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
- v. break up into small pieces for food preparation
- v. damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
- v. hurt the feelings of
Middle English bruisen, from Old English brȳsan, to crush, and from Old North French bruisier (of Germanic origin).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English bruisen, brusen, from Anglo-Norman bruiser, bruser ‘to break, smash’, from Gaulish *brusu (compare Old Irish brúu ‘I shatter, smash’), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreus- ‘to break’ (compare Latin frustum ‘bit, scrap’, Old Church Slavic бръснути (brŭsnuti) ‘to rake’, Albanian breshër ‘hail’). Replaced early modern English brise (compare Scots brizz), from Middle English brisen, bresen, from Old English brȳsan, briesan ‘to crush’, from Proto-Germanic *brausijanan, causative from the same PIE root. Cognate with Old English brosnian ("to crumble, fall apart"), Dutch broos ("brittle"), German Brosame ("crumb"), Norwegian dialect brøysk ("breakable"). (Wiktionary)