from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To cause to be sorrowful; distress: It grieves me to see you in such pain.
  • transitive v. To mourn or sorrow for: We grieved the death of our pastor.
  • transitive v. Usage Problem To file an official or formal grievance on account of (an actual or perceived injustice).
  • transitive v. Archaic To hurt or harm.
  • intransitive v. To experience or express grief.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A governor of a town or province.
  • n. A manager or steward, e.g. of a farm.
  • v. To cause sorrow or distress.
  • v. To feel very sad about; to mourn; to sorrow for.
  • v. To experience grief.
  • v. To harm.
  • v. To submit or file a grievance.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A manager of a farm, or overseer of any work; a reeve; a manorial bailiff.
  • intransitive v. To feel grief; to be in pain of mind on account of an evil; to sorrow; to mourn; -- often followed by at, for, or over.
  • transitive v. To occasion grief to; to wound the sensibilities of; to make sorrowful; to cause to suffer; to afflict; to hurt; to try.
  • transitive v. To sorrow over.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To inflict mental pain or distress upon; cause to suffer; make sorrowful; afflict; aggrieve.
  • To vex; harass; oppress.
  • To sorrow over; deplore; lament.
  • To feel grief; be in mental distress; sorrow; mourn: usually followed by at, for, about, or over.
  • Synonyms Mourn, etc. See lament, v. i.
  • n. Another spelling of greeve.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. cause to feel sorrow
  • v. feel grief


Middle English greven, from Old French grever, to harm, from Latin gravāre, to burden, from gravis, heavy; see gwerə-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English grœfa (Wiktionary)
From Old French grever ("to burden"), from Latin gravare, from adjective gravis ("grave"). (Wiktionary)


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