from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The elected president of a town council in some parts of Canada.
- n. Any of various minor officers of parishes or other local authorities.
- n. A bailiff or steward of a manor in the later medieval period.
- n. A high officer of local administration appointed by the Anglo-Saxon kings.
- transitive v. Nautical To pass (a rope or rod) through a hole, ring, pulley, or block.
- transitive v. Nautical To fasten by passing through or around.
- transitive v. Nautical To pass a rope or rod through (a hole, ring, pulley, or block).
- n. The female ruff.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of several local officials, with varying responsibilities.
- n. The president of a township or municipal district council.
- n. A proposed but unadopted commissioned rank of the Royal Air Force equivalent to wing commander.
- v. To pass a rope through a hole or opening, especially so as to fasten it.
- n. A female of the species Philomachus pugnax, a highly gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia; the male is a ruff.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The female of the ruff.
- transitive v. To pass, as the end of a pope, through any hole in a block, thimble, cleat, ringbolt, cringle, or the like.
- n. an officer, steward, bailiff, or governor; -- used chiefly in compounds
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A steward; a prefect; a bailiff; a business agent.
- n. A foreman in a coal-mine.
- An obsolete variant of reave.
- Nautical, to pass or run through any hole in a block, thimble, cleat, ring-bolt, cringle, etc., as the end of a rope.
- n. A bird, the female of the ruff, Machetes pugnax, See Pavoncella, and cut under ruff.
- To run (a ship) through narrow channels in a shoal or through openings in an ice-pack, after the fashion of a rope through the hole in a block, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. fasten by passing through a hole or around something
- v. pass a rope through
- v. pass through a hole or opening
- n. female ruff
Middle English, from Old English gerēfa.
Probably alteration of ruff1.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English rēfa, an aphetism of ġerēfa. (Wiktionary)