American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Army or Marine Corps that is above corporal and below staff sergeant.
- n. Any of several ranks of noncommissioned officers in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps: master gunnery sergeant; staff sergeant.
- n. One who holds any of these ranks.
- n. The rank of police officer next below a captain, lieutenant, or inspector.
- n. A police officer holding this rank.
- n. A sergeant at arms.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. [In this and the next four senses usually spelled serjeant.] A servant; a retainer; an armed attendant; in the fourteenth century, one holding lands by tenure of military service, commonly used as not including those who had received knighthood (afterward called esquires). Serjeants were called to various specific lines of duty besides service in war.
- n. An officer of an incorporated municipality who was charged with duties corresponding to those previously or elsewhere performed by an officer of the crown.
- n. Hence, also
- n. A substitute upon whom a serjeant was allowed to devolve the personal discharge of his duties; a bailiff.
- n. One of a body or corps attendant on the sovereign, and on the lord high steward on the trial of a peer; a serjeant-at-arms.
- n. [In this sense the modern spelling is serjeant.] In England and Ireland, a lawyer of high rank. Serjeants at law are appointed by writ or patent of the crown, from among the utter barristers. While they have precedence socially, they are professionally inferior to queen's counsel; formerly, however, the king's (or queen's) premier serjeant and ancient serjeant had precedence of even the attorney-general and solicitor-general. Till the passing of the Judicature Act, 1873, the judges of the superior English common-law courts had to be serjeants; but this is not now required. No serjeants have been created since 1868, and the rank will in all likelihood soon become extinct.
- n. In Virginia, an officer in towns having powers corresponding to those of constable; in cities, an officer having powers connected with the city court corresponding to those of sheriff, and also charged with collecting city revenues.
- n. A non-commissioned officer of the army and marines in the grade next above corporal, and usually selected from among the corporals for his intelligence and good conduct. He is appointed to preserve discipline, to teach the drill, and to command detachments, as escorts and the like. Every company has four sergeants, of whom the senior is the color-sergeant. A superior class are the staff-sergeants (see
staff-sergeant); and above all is the sergeant-major. See also color-sergeant, commissary-sergeant, drill-sergeant, lance-sergeant, quartermaster-sergeant. Abbreviated Serg.
- n. A police officer of superior rank.
- n. A servant in monastic offices.
- n. In ichthyology, the sergeant-fish.
- n. A similar attendant on the king's person in France.
- n. An executive officer in certain legislative bodies. In the United States Senate he serves processes, makes arrests, and aids in preserving order; the sergeant-at-arms in the House of Representatives has similar duties, and also has charge of the pay-accounts of the members.
- n. [The two spellings sergeant and serjeant are both correct, and were formerly used indifferently. Sergeant, however, is more in accordance with modern analogies, and now generally prevails except in the legal sense, and as applied to feudal tenants, to certain officers of the royal household, and, in part, to officers of municipal and legislative bodies, where the archaic spelling serjeant is retained. See defs. 1–5, above.]
- n. UK army rank with NATO code OR-6, senior to corporal and junior to warrant officer ranks.
- n. The highest rank of noncommissioned officer in some non-naval military forces and police.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called
sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.
- n. (Mil.) In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discipline, to form the ranks, etc.
- n. (Law), engraving A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the
doctorof the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law.
- n. engraving A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign.
- n. (Zoöl.) The cobia.
- n. any of several noncommissioned officer ranks in the Army or Air Force or Marines ranking above a corporal
- n. a lawman with the rank of sergeant
- n. an English barrister of the highest rank
- From Middle English sergeant, sergeaunt, serjent, serjaunt, serjawnt, sergant, from Old French sergeant, sergent, serjant, sergient, sergant ("sergeant, servant"), from Medieval Latin servientem, accusative of serviens ("a servant, vassal, soldier, apparitor"), from Latin serviēns ("serving"), present participle of serviō ("serve, be a slave to"). More at servant. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English sergeaunte, a common soldier, from Old French sergent, from Medieval Latin serviēns, servient-, servant, soldier, from Late Latin, public official, from Latin, present participle of servīre, to serve, from servus, slave. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term sergeant-at-arms should be replaced by chief of police, or the title of whatever officer serves the warrant.”
“The barracks chief, the tag sergeant, starts raining on my parade, yelling, “Shut up, Carlin!””
“The nine-year-old had just spelt the word "sergeant" correctly at her school's spelling bee when her father, a sergeant serving in Iraq, appeared from behind a curtain.”
“After correctly spelling the word "sergeant," Skylar was asked if there were any special sergeants in her life.”
“While McCaulley did attain sergeant's rank, use of Marine”
“A sergeant from the HorsforthPolicerelated to me that he had received complaints via SurreyPolicefrom RevSizerand from Dr Anthony McRoy – a lecturer at theWales Evangelical School of Theology – who both objected to being associated with terrorists and Holocaust deniers.”
“You're going to answer yes or no, drill sergeant, is that clear?”
“The fat sergeant is in all them but I never got his name. 007 is pretty good.”
“Marine sergeant, is steamed about a Topeka man who faces criminal charges after he obtained a state car tag showing he was wounded in combat during the Iraq war.”
“After five years, three deployments and one divorce, the 34-year-old Army sergeant is tired.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘sergeant’.
Words I come across at work.
Now stripped of most military terms, which have found a new home on the list Historical Military Terms of Interest. See also (and add to!) hilarious misspe...
I haven't seen this show in forever, but I used to watch reruns all the time.
Catching a misspelling is both pleasurable (hooray learning!) and painful (every sentence you now realize you've ever marred with the offending word flashes to mind in one terrible instant).
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