American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A court attendant entrusted with duties such as the maintenance of order in a courtroom during a trial.
- n. An official who assists a British sheriff and who has the power to execute writs, processes, and arrests.
- n. Chiefly British An overseer of an estate; a steward.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A subordinate civil officer or functionary. There are in England several kinds of bailiffs, whose offices differ widely, but all agree in this, that the keeping or protection of something belongs to them. The sheriff is the sovereign's bailiff, and his county is a bailiwick. The name is also applied to the chief magistrates of some towns, to keepers of royal castles, as of Dover, to persons having the conservation of the peace in hundreds and in some special jurisdictions, as Westminster, and to the returning-officers in the same. But the officials commonly designated by this name are the bailiffs of sheriffs, or sheriffs' officers, who execute processes, etc., and bailiffs of liberties, appointed by the lords in their respective jurisdictions to perform similar functions.
- n. An overseer or under-steward on an estate, appointed to manage forests, direct husbandry operations, collect rents, etc. Also called a bailiff of forests, or bailiff in husbandry.
- n. An officer of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.
- n. In London, an officer who supervises the inspection of fish brought into the city.
- n. law A legal officer to whom some degree of authority, care or jurisdiction is committed.
- n. UK The steward or overseer of an estate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Originally, a person put in charge of something; especially, a chief officer, magistrate, or keeper, as of a county, town, hundred, or castle; one to whom powers of custody or care are intrusted.
- n. (Eng. Law) A sheriff's deputy, appointed to make arrests, collect fines, summon juries, etc.
- n. engraving An overseer or under steward of an estate, who directs husbandry operations, collects rents, etc.
- n. an officer of the court who is employed to execute writs and processes and make arrests etc.
- Anglo-Norman and Old French bailif (plural bailis), Late Latin *baiulivus. Compare Modern French bailli (Wiktionary)
- Middle English baillif, from Old French baillis, baillif-, overseer of an estate, steward, from Medieval Latin *bāiulīvus, from Latin bāiulus, carrier. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“However, the bailiff is also justified in shooting the father.”
“The county within which the sheriff exercises his jurisdiction is still called his bailiwick, while the term bailiff is retained as a title by the chief magistrates of various towns and the keepers of royal castles, as the high bailiff of Westminster, the bailiff of Dover Castle, &c.”
“Most likely the bailiff is now convinced that the defendant did in fact kill the girl, and that the father is correcting a grave miscarriage of justice, so he will only arrest the father after the fact and not try to stop him.”
“Next I called a bailiff I was friendly with at the Goochland courthouse.”
“_ -- In Scotland the word bailiff has taken the form of "bailie," signifying a superior officer or magistrate of a municipal corporation.”
“In the United States the word bailiff has no special significance.”
“And they went by train with the bailiff from the farm, who was going in about some sheep-dip and to buy pigs.”
“As he said good-bye he promised to turn us all off in a fortnight; he called his bailiff a blockhead; and then, lolling at ease in his carriage, drove back to the town.”
“* Keep calling the bailiff, "Rusty" and blow him kisses.”
“Brian Collier, 46, of Cape Town allegedly called a bailiff Ludwig Rossouw”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘bailiff’.
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