American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A member of the clergy attached to a chapel.
- n. A member of the clergy who conducts religious services for an institution, such as a prison or hospital.
- n. A member of the clergy who is connected with a royal court or an aristocratic household.
- n. A member of the clergy attached to a branch of the armed forces.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An ecclesiastic attached to a chapel; especially, one officiating in the private chapel of a king or nobleman, or other person of wealth or distinction. Forty-eight clergymen of the Church of England hold office as chaplains of the sovereign in England, and are entitled chaplains in ordinary, four of them being in attendance each month. There are six chaplains in Scotland, clergymen of the Church of Scotland, but their only duty is to conduct prayers at the election of Scottish representative peers.
- n. An ecclesiastic who renders service to one authorized to employ such assistance, as to an archbishop, or to a family; a confessor.
- n. A clergyman who occupies an official position, and performs certain religious functions, in the army or navy, in a legislative or other public body, in a charitable institution, or the like: as, the chaplain of the House of Representatives.
- n. A private secretary to the lady superior of a convent.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel.
- n. A clergyman who is officially attached to the army or navy, to some public institution, or to a family or court, for the purpose of performing divine service.
- n. Any person (clergyman or layman) chosen to conduct religious exercises for a society, etc..
- n. a clergyman ministering to some institution
- From Old French chapelain, from Late Latin cappellanus, from cappella. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English chapelein, from Old French chapelain, from Medieval Latin capellānus, from capella, chapel; see chapel. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The Rev. Daniel Coughlin - chaplain of the House of Representatives - is expected to give a prayer when the hearse stops.”
“Marine Corps chaplain is expected in federal court Thursday to answer a misdemeanor charge of unlawfully wearing military medals.”
“Here the duchess's chaplain is guilty of a felony; he is liable to fourteen years 'transportation (Doody, Murray 298-299).”
“It strikes Shaftoe as typical – he supposes that the books say completely different things and that the chaplain is deriving great pleasure from pitting them against [...]”
“It strikes Shaftoe as typical – he supposes that the books say completely different things and that the chaplain is deriving great pleasure from pitting them against each other, like those guys who have a chessboard on a turntable so that they can play against themselves.”
“Today, Knight Ridder correspondents report the chaplain is being investigated.”
“When he told me what he told me, I said to him that for his soul's comfort he should let me call our chaplain, and as a sick man make his confession to him and seek absolution.”
“Next, he called the chaplain, -- for he would fain have him at his elbow to countenance the devilish deeds he meditated, -- and embarked, with him, twelve soldiers, and two Indian guides, in another boat.”
“Dantikā, daughter of a brahmin chaplain to the King of Kosala, Sāvatthī”
“I am a stranger, replied the priest; but hastily glancing around, he called the chaplain and cross-bearer, who, seated in a corner of the hall, was saying, in an under-tone, to his companion.”
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