American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To destroy the courage or resolution of by exciting dread or apprehension.
- v. To cause to lose enthusiasm; disillusion: was dismayed to learn that her favorite dancer used drugs.
- v. To upset or alarm.
- n. A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To break down the courage of, as by sudden danger or insuperable difficulty; overcome with fear of impending calamity or failure; fill with despairing apprehension; utterly dishearten: usually in the past participle.
- To defeat by sudden onslaught; put to rout.
- To disquiet; trouble: usually reflexive.
- Synonyms To appal, daunt, dispirit, deject, frighten, paralyse, demoralize.
- To be daunted; stand aghast with fear; be confounded with terror.
- n. Sudden or complete loss of courage; despairing fear or apprehension; discouraged or terrified amazement; utter disheartenment.
- n. Ruin; defeat; destruction.
- n. Synonyms Apprehension, Fright, etc. (see alarm); discouragement.
- n. A sudden or complete loss of courage and firmness in the face of trouble or danger; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation.
- n. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin.
- v. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive of firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.
- v. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet.
- v. To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.
- v. obsolete To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet.
- v. obsolete To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay.
- n. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation.
- n. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin.
- v. fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
- v. lower someone's spirits; make downhearted
- n. the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles
- n. fear resulting from the awareness of danger
- From Middle English dismayen, from Anglo-Norman *desmaiier, alteration of Old French esmaier ("to frighten"), from Vulgar Latin *exmagare (“to deprive (someone) of strength, to disable”), from ex- + *magare (“to enable, empower”), from Proto-Germanic *maginan, *maganan (“might, power”), from Proto-Indo-European *mēgh- (“to be able”). Akin to Old High German magan, megin ("power, might, main"), Old English mæġen ("might, main"), Old High German magan, mugan ("to be powerful, able"), Old English magan ("to be able"). More at main, may. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English dismaien, from Anglo-Norman *desmaiier : probably de-, intensive pref.; see de- + Old French esmaier, to frighten (from Vulgar Latin *exmagāre, to deprive of power : Latin ex-, ex- + Germanic *magan, to be able to; see magh- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“So one day I´m working on the inland side of the house and I hear this shouting in dismay from the ocean side so I walked through the house and there was my wife shouting at the sea, Just shut the hell up will you?”
“While New York celebrated this win, Carolina defenseman Mike Commodore watched in dismay from the penalty box.”
“As he ate he spoke, and his first words provoked an exclamation of dismay from the Frenchman, which was hastily smothered with a murmured apology, and then Diana became aware that others had come into the room.”
“I don't see the word dismay anywhere in the quotes.”
“Tolteca chuckled, recalling their dismay when he announced that this trip would be on shank's mare.”
“At that terrible name dismay, and a panic impossible to describe, spread through the brig.”
“BARBARA STARR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Soledad, this morning they are continuing to express what one could only describe as their dismay here about this entire incident because, of course, now, "Newsweek" has apologized and said its original story is wrong.”
“Sandy opened the bottle of wine, which Ben saw to his dismay was a supermarket Riesling.”
“Mingled with his dismay was a strange pang of personal regret and disappointment.”
“On examination, however, they discovered that a violent gale had forced open the lid of the instrument box, and that several things were missing, among which Scott found to his dismay was the 'Hints to Travelers.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘dismay’.
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