from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A low hoarse sound, as that characteristic of frogs and crows.
- transitive v. To utter in a low hoarse sound.
- transitive v. Slang To kill.
- intransitive v. To utter a low hoarse sound.
- intransitive v. To speak with a low hoarse voice.
- intransitive v. To mutter discontentedly; grumble.
- intransitive v. Slang To die.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A faint, harsh sound made in the throat.
- n. The cry of a frog or toad. (see also ribbit)
- v. To make a croak.
- v. Of a frog, to make its cry.
- v. To die.
- v. Of a raven, to make its cry.
- v. To kill someone or something.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To make a low, hoarse noise in the throat, as a frog, a raven, or a crow; hence, to make any hoarse, dismal sound.
- intransitive v. To complain; especially, to grumble; to forebode evil; to utter complaints or forebodings habitually.
- transitive v. To utter in a low, hoarse voice; to announce by croaking; to forebode.
- n. The coarse, harsh sound uttered by a frog or a raven, or a like sound.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To utter a low, hoarse, dismal cry or sound, as a frog, a raven, or a crow: also used humorously of the hoarse utterance of a person having a heavy cold.
- To speak with a low, hollow voice, or in dismal accents; forebode evil; complain; grumble.
- To die: from the gurgling or rattling sound in the throat of a dying person.
- To utter in a low, hollow voice; murmur dismally.
- To announce or herald by croaking.
- n. A low, hoarse guttural sound, as that uttered by a frog or a raven.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. utter a hoarse sound, like a raven
- v. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
- n. a harsh hoarse utterance (as of a frog)
- v. make complaining remarks or noises under one's breath
From Middle English croken, to croak, probably of imitative origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English croken, back-formation from Old English cracettan, cræccettan, from Proto-Germanic *krāk- (compare Swedish kråka, German krächzen), from Proto-Indo-European *greh₂-k- (compare Latin grāculus ‘jackdaw’, Serbo-Croatian grákati). (Wiktionary)