American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary: We presumed she was innocent.
- v. To constitute reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove: A signed hotel bill presumes occupancy of a room.
- v. To venture without authority or permission; dare: He presumed to invite himself to dinner.
- v. To act overconfidently; take liberties.
- v. To take unwarranted advantage of something; go beyond the proper limits: Don't presume on their hospitality.
- v. To take for granted that something is true or factual; suppose: That's the new assistant, I presume.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To take upon one's self; undertake; venture; dare: generally with an infinitive as object.
- To believe or accept upon probable evidence; infer as probable; take for granted.
- Synonyms Surmise, Guess, etc. (see conjecture), think, consider.
- To be venturesome; especially, to venture beyond the limits of ordinary license or propriety; act or speak overboldly.
- To press forward presumptuously; be led by presumption; make one's way overconfidently into an unwarranted place or position.
- To take; to take to oneself: with of.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained.
- v. To take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose.
- v. To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer.
- v. To venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; -- often with
onor uponbefore the ground of confidence.
- v. take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission
- v. take liberties or act with too much confidence
- v. constitute reasonable evidence for
- v. take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
- From Anglo-Norman presumer, Middle French presumer, and their source, Latin praesūmere ("to take beforehand, anticipate"), from prae- + sūmere ("to take"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English presumen, from Old French presumer, from Late Latin praesūmere, from Latin, to anticipate : prae-, pre- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Finally, damienoujia at this Comicvine forum noted another moment where Lori's smoking habit illuminated her character: Her first meeting with the Comedian and it seems he's hitting on her ... he lights what we presume is her first cigarette.”
“I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner”
“I want to see ADAM punching the ground, which, we presume, is the addict.”
“I presume from the patina that the one pictured is sitting on a battlefield somewhere.”
“According to the Commission decision, when one judge objected to Horowitz 'request, Judge Horowitz chastised her colleague as being "ridiculous" and that "everybody does it" The "it" I can only presume is to interfere in cases before the court.”
“Now, Screen Daily reports that Wright has chosen Saoirse Ronan to fill the lead role of the teen assassin, who I would presume is named Hanna.”
“And relatives, lamenting the marginal life and aberrant sexual past of a black-sheep loved one they presume is deceased, sadly wonder what befell him and why.”
“If "Cyanide & Happiness" offices and publishing houses begin to go up in flames, who among your cohorts would you most presume is the resident arsonist in the group?”
“All I can presume is that I entered a different world, one of what-if.”
“Which I can only presume translates to two hippies armed with a bunch of instruments they can't play that well and a bunker full of draw and pills.”
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