from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To take upon oneself: assume responsibility; assume another's debts.
- transitive v. To undertake the duties of (an office): assumed the presidency.
- transitive v. To take on; adopt: "The god assumes a human form” ( John Ruskin).
- transitive v. To put on; don: The queen assumed a velvet robe.
- transitive v. To affect the appearance or possession of; feign.
- transitive v. To take for granted; suppose: assumed that prices would rise. See Synonyms at presume.
- transitive v. To take over without justification; seize: assume control.
- transitive v. To take up or receive into heaven.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.
- v. To take on a position, duty or form.
- v. To adopt an idea or cause.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
- transitive v. To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
- transitive v. To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
- transitive v. To receive or adopt.
- intransitive v. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
- intransitive v. To undertake, as by a promise.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To take into relation or association; adopt; take in; admit: as, “Enoch and Elias were assumed up into heaven,” Abp. Abbot. See assumption, 5.
- To take upon one's self; undertake: as, to assume the responsibility of a proceeding; to assume office; to assume an obligation.
- To take or put on one's self; invest one's self with: as, to assume the garb of a mendicant, or the figure of an animal; to assume a severe aspect; “to assume man's nature,”
- To apply to one's self; appropriate.
- To take for granted or without proof; suppose as a fact; postulate: as, to assume a principle in reasoning.
- To take fictitiously; pretend to possess; take in appearance: as, to assume the garb of humility.
- To claim.
- Synonyms To affect, feign, counterfeit.
- To be arrogant; claim more than is due; presume.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. occupy or take on
- v. take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
- v. take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
- v. take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
- v. make a pretence of
- v. take up someone's soul into heaven
- v. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
- v. put clothing on one's body
- v. seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession
Middle English assumen, from Latin assūmere : ad-, ad- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin assūmō ("accept, take"), from ad- ("to, towards, at") + sūmō ("take up, assume"). (Wiktionary)