American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To take upon oneself: assume responsibility; assume another's debts.
- v. To undertake the duties of (an office): assumed the presidency.
- v. To take on; adopt: "The god assumes a human form” ( John Ruskin).
- v. To put on; don: The queen assumed a velvet robe.
- v. To affect the appearance or possession of; feign.
- v. To take for granted; suppose: assumed that prices would rise. See Synonyms at presume.
- v. To take over without justification; seize: assume control.
- v. To take up or receive into heaven.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To take into relation or association; adopt; take in; admit: as, “Enoch and Elias were assumed up into heaven,” Abp. Abbot. See assumption, 5.
- To take upon one's self; undertake: as, to assume the responsibility of a proceeding; to assume office; to assume an obligation.
- To take or put on one's self; invest one's self with: as, to assume the garb of a mendicant, or the figure of an animal; to assume a severe aspect; “to assume man's nature,”
- To apply to one's self; appropriate.
- To take for granted or without proof; suppose as a fact; postulate: as, to assume a principle in reasoning.
- To take fictitiously; pretend to possess; take in appearance: as, to assume the garb of humility.
- To claim.
- Synonyms To affect, feign, counterfeit.
- To be arrogant; claim more than is due; presume.
- v. To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.
- v. To take on a position, duty or form.
- v. To adopt an idea or cause.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.
- v. To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.
- v. To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.
- v. To receive or adopt.
- v. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
- v. (Law) To undertake, as by a promise.
- v. occupy or take on
- v. take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
- v. take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
- v. take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
- v. make a pretence of
- v. take up someone's soul into heaven
- v. take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
- v. put clothing on one's body
- v. seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession
- From Latin assūmō ("accept, take"), from ad- ("to, towards, at") + sūmō ("take up, assume"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English assumen, from Latin assūmere : ad-, ad- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I can only assume yeah I know *assume* that they have tested enough people and found that assertion passes the smell test even though there is no evidence other than the address on her 1040 for eight yesr.”
“FYI, my Munger, which I assume is shorthand for War Monger!”
“The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right.”
“The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think is right.”
“The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I thinkright.”
“(Americans for Better Immigration — with a name that I assume is code for “shut down the borders” — gives him a career A+ and a recent A -, as they, too, attempt to point out the Johnny-come-latelies.”
“It seems like they are toning down the basic offerings for what they assume is an audience that wants less authentic food.”
“Okay, I have to echo the comments about the, ahem, unfortunate placement of what I can only assume is the Karate Kid's hand in the cutout.”
“He's playing a different park ranger, whom I assume is a comic relief to Cavanaugh's straight man.”
“It undermines the ability of forces to do their job, nail the baddies and provide Mr & Mrs Upright with the protection per tax pound that they – rightly or wrongly – assume is there when needed.”
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