from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To make a deep, resonant sound.
- intransitive v. To grow, develop, or progress rapidly; flourish: Business is booming.
- transitive v. To utter or give forth with a deep, resonant sound: a field commander booming out orders.
- transitive v. To cause to grow or flourish; boost.
- n. A deep resonant sound, as of an explosion.
- n. A time of economic prosperity.
- n. A sudden increase, as in popularity.
- n. Nautical A long spar extending from a mast to hold or extend the foot of a sail.
- n. A long pole extending upward at an angle from the mast of a derrick to support or guide objects being lifted or suspended.
- n. A barrier composed of a chain of floating logs enclosing other free-floating logs, typically used to catch floating debris or to obstruct passage.
- n. A floating barrier serving to contain an oil spill.
- n. A long movable arm used to maneuver and support a microphone.
- n. A spar that connects the tail surfaces and the main structure of an airplane.
- n. A long hollow tube attached to a tanker aircraft, through which fuel flows to another aircraft being refueled in flight.
- transitive v. To move or position using a crane: "The renegade logs somehow escaped while . . . the logs were boomed up into the mile-long rafts that ply these channels” ( Jack Weatherford).
- idiom drop To act suddenly and forcefully to repress a practice or reprimand an offender; crack down.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To make a loud, resonant sound.
- v. (figuratively, of speech) To exclaim with force, to shout, to thunder.
- v. To make something boom.
- v. To publicly praise.
- n. A low-pitched, resonant sound, such as of an explosion.
- n. One of the calls of certain monkeys or birds.
- interj. used to suggest the sound of an explosion.
- n. A spar extending the foot of a sail; a spar rigged outboard from a ship's side to which boats are secured in harbour.
- n. A movable pole used to support a microphone or camera.
- n. A horizontal member of a crane or derrick, used for lifting.
- n. The longest element of a Yagi antenna, on which the other, smaller ones, are transversally mounted.
- n. A floating barrier used to obstruct navigation, for military or other purposes; or used for the containment of an oil spill.
- n. A wishbone shaped piece of windsurfing equipment.
- n. The arm of a crane (mechanical lifting machine).
- n. The section of the arm on a backhoe closest to the tractor.
- n. A period of prosperity or high market activity.
- v. To be prosperous.
- v. To cause to advance rapidly in price.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A long pole or spar, run out for the purpose of extending the bottom of a particular sail
- n. A long spar or beam, projecting from the mast of a derrick, from the outer end of which the body to be lifted is suspended.
- n. A pole with a conspicuous top, set up to mark the channel in a river or harbor.
- n. A strong chain cable, or line of spars bound together, extended across a river or the mouth of a harbor, to obstruct navigation or passage.
- n. A line of connected floating timbers stretched across a river, or inclosing an area of water, to keep saw logs, etc., from floating away.
- transitive v. To extend, or push, with a boom or pole.
- intransitive v. To cry with a hollow note; to make a hollow sound, as the bittern, and some insects.
- intransitive v. To make a hollow sound, as of waves or cannon.
- intransitive v. To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
- intransitive v. To have a rapid growth in market value or in popular favor; to go on rushingly.
- n. A hollow roar, as of waves or cannon; also, the hollow cry of the bittern; a booming.
- n. A strong and extensive advance, with more or less noisy excitement; -- applied colloquially or humorously to market prices, the demand for stocks or commodities and to political chances of aspirants to office.
- transitive v. To cause to advance rapidly in price.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To make a deep, hollow, continued sound.
- n. A deep, hollow, continued sound.
- n. A long pole or spar used to extend the foot of certain sails of a ship: as, the main-boom, jib-boom, studdingsail-boom.
- n. A strong barrier, as of beams, or an iron chain or cable fastened to spars, extended across a river or the mouth of a harbor, to prevent an enemy's ships from passing.
- n. A chain of floating logs fastened together at the ends and stretched across a river, etc., to stop floating timber.
- n. A pole set up as a mark to direct seamen how to keep the channel in shallow water.
- n. plural A space in a vessel's waist used for stowing boats and spare spars.
- To shove with a boom or spar.
- To drive or guide (logs) down a stream with a boom or pole.
- To pen or confine (logs) with a boom.
- [The earliest instance of the word in this sense appears to be in the following passage:
- Mr. McCullagh, in a letter to one of the editors of this Dictionary, says: “I cannot explain how I came to use it, except that, while on the gunboats on the Mississippi river during the war, I used to hear the pilots say of the river, when rising rapidly and overflowing its banks, that it (the river) was ‘booming.’ The idea I wished to convey was that the Grant movement was rising—swelling, etc. The word seemed to be a good one to the ear, and I kept it up. It was generally adopted about a year afterward. I used it as a noun after a while, and spoke of ‘the Grant boom.’ ”]
- To bring into prominence or public notice by calculated means; push with vigor or spirit: as, to boom a commercial venture, or the candidacy of an aspirant for office.
- n. A sudden increase of activity; a rush.
- n. A pole fastened lengthwise of a load of hay to bind the load.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. make a deep hollow sound
- v. hit hard
- n. a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)
- v. make a resonant sound, like artillery
- n. a deep prolonged loud noise
- v. grow vigorously
- n. a state of economic prosperity
- n. any of various more-or-less horizontal spars or poles used to extend the foot of a sail or for handling cargo or in mooring
- v. be the case that thunder is being heard
- n. a pole carrying an overhead microphone projected over a film or tv set
Middle English bomben, imitative of a loud noise.
Dutch, tree, pole, from Middle Dutch.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Onomatopoetic, perhaps borrowed; compare German bummen, Dutch bommen. (Wiktionary)
From Dutch boom ("tree, pole"). Compare English beam. (Wiktionary)
Or uncertain origin; perhaps a development of Etymology 1, above. (Wiktionary)