American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
- n. The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
- n. Something inferred.
- n. Usage Problem A hint or suggestion: The editorial contained an inference of foul play in the awarding of the contract. See Usage Note at infer.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The formation of a belief or opinion, not as directly observed, but as constrained by observations made of other matters or by beliefs already adopted; the system of propositions or judgments connected together by such an act in a syllogism—namely, the premises, or the judgment or judgments which act as causes, and the conclusion, or the judgment which results as an effect; also, the belief so produced. The act of inference consists psychologically in constructing in the imagination a sort of diagram or skeleton image of the essentials of the state of things represented in the premises, in which, by mental manipulation and contemplation, relations that had not been noticed in constructing it are discovered. In this respect inference is analogous to experiment, where, in place of a diagram, a simplified state of things is used, and where the manipulation is real instead of mental. Unconscious inference is the determination of a cognition by previous cognitions without consciousness or voluntary control. The lowest kind of conscious inference is where a proposition is recognized as inferred, but without distinct apprehension of the premises from which it has been inferred. The next lowest is the simple consequence, where a belief is recognized as caused by another belief, according to some rule or psychical force, but where the nature of this rule or leading principle is not recognized, and it is in truth some observed fact embodied in a habit of inference. Such, for example, is the celebrated inference of Descartes, Cogito, ergo sum (‘I think, therefore I exist’). Higher forms of inference are the direct syllogism (see
syllogism); apagogic inference, or the reductio ad absurdum, which involves the principle of contradiction: dilemmatic inference, which involves the principle of excluded middle; simple inferences turning upon relations; inferences of transposed quantity (see below); and the Fermatian inference (see Fermatian). Scientific inferences are either inductive or hypothetic. See induction, 5, and analogy, 3.
- n. Reasoning from effect to cause; reasoning from signs; conjecture from premises or criteria; hypothesis.
- n. uncountable The act or process of inferring by deduction or induction.
- n. countable That which is inferred; a truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or supposed to be true; a conclusion; a deduction.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act or process of inferring by deduction or induction.
- n. That which inferred; a truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or supposed to be true; a conclusion; a deduction.
- n. the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
“In that sense of the term inference in which it is confined to the consequent, it may be said that --”
“Strictly speaking, the term inference, as applied to a product of thought, includes both the antecedent and consequent: but it is often used for the consequent to the exclusion of the antecedent.”
“He concludes this discourse of the vanity of the creature with this plain inference from the whole, That it is folly to think of making up”
“Whilst the premise of this inference is a negative evaluative statement, the conclusion is a proscriptive statement.”
“But beyond the borders of this experience, to a single step of inference, or what they call inference, both the religions of science and of culture obstinately refuse to go.”
“The inference is that parents who spank are slobbering, snapping beasts living on the edge of insanity, ready at the slightest provocation to beat their kids.”
“My inference is looking pretty solid at this point.”
“When Mom takes up a technology, be it Twitter (check the story, not the headline), social networking, texting or even (sorry Om) wireless network cards, the inference is that the technology has moved not just out of the early adopter crowd, but into the realm of everyone.”
“A clear inference is that most of the employees are not classroom teachers.”
“June 08, 2009 at 1: 22 AM i'm absolutely loving Sockso right now, the web inference is tremendous and it zips my albums for remote download, but I'll try this out as well on my backup pc.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘inference’.
The most frequent words in the titles of mathematical books and journals (www.sciencedirect.com)
nonparametric, nonparametric sta..., multivariate anal..., partial different..., multivariate, topology, stochastic, differential equa..., linear algebra, harmonic analysis, applied mathematics, combinatorial and 205 more...
Use these and get promoted
A list of words that are odd or words that I have looked up.
Words only (I left out the expressions) from Geza Kerenyi's EN-HU interpreters' dictionary. Most of them pose some difficulty when interpreted between HU and EN in either or both directions.
These come from gamma meditation ,I think.
Collection of my wordnik word search
Words that I do not know or unsure for toefl
Derivatives from Chapter 19 of Part One of English Words from Latin and Greek Elements
Looking for tweets for inference.