from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon. Also called nerve cell.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A cell of the nervous system, which conducts nerve impulses; consisting of an axon and several dendrites. Neurons are connected by synapses.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; myelencephalon.
- n. The characteristic specialized cell that is part of the nervous system, serving to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain, and also between other parts of the body, and composed of a main cell body, the axon, with a varying number of processes of varying length, the dendrites; a nerve cell. The movement and behavior of higher animals depends on the signals tranmsitted by such nerve cells.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The cerebrospinal axis in its entirety; the whole of the encephalon and myelon, or brain and spinal cord, considered as one.
- n. In entomology, a nervure of an insect's wing; a vein or costa.
- n. Same as neurone.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
A neuron is not a computer program, nor is it 'artificial'.
In the experiment, they showed test subjects the six letters in the word neuron and successfully reconstructed the word on screen by measuring brain activity.
These neurotransmitters have keys to your neurological mailboxes, which are called neuron receptors.
While studying a neuropeptide gene expressed in neuron number R15, I discovered that the gene was also expressed in some other neurons, but that its primary transcript was alternatively spliced in different neurons to give different polyproteins.
Fascinating Australian Broadcasting Co science piece on the latest research in neuron production: we do know a couple of things that stimulate brain cell production.
An increased release of transmitter each time the sensory neuron is activated leads to a stronger muscle activation.
I feel sorry for poor ole Eugene … he’s not working with a full deck … his poor neuron is overloaded and it’s actually quite impressive that he can even type.
C3) Microtubules play a key role in neuron function.
“First off, you don’t even know what a neuron is –”
Therefore, the presence of c-fos protein in a neuron is an indicator that it has just fired.
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