Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Love and pursuit of wisdom by intellectual means and moral self-discipline.
  • n. Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods.
  • n. A system of thought based on or involving such inquiry: the philosophy of Hume.
  • n. The critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs.
  • n. The disciplines presented in university curriculums of science and the liberal arts, except medicine, law, and theology.
  • n. The discipline comprising logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, and epistemology.
  • n. A set of ideas or beliefs relating to a particular field or activity; an underlying theory: an original philosophy of advertising.
  • n. A system of values by which one lives: has an unusual philosophy of life.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The love of wisdom.
  • n. An academic discipline that seeks truth through reasoning rather than empiricism.
  • n. A comprehensive system of belief.
  • n. A view or outlook regarding fundamental principles underlying some domain.
  • n. A general principle (usually moral).
  • n. A broader branch of (non-applied) science.
  • v. To philosophize.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Literally, the love of, inducing the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.
  • n. A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.
  • n. Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism.
  • n. Reasoning; argumentation.
  • n. The course of sciences read in the schools.
  • n. A treatise on philosophy.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The body of highest truth; the organized sum of science; the science of which all others are branches; the science of the most fundamental matters. ; ;
  • n. A special branch of knowledge of high speculative interest
  • n. Any such science, as alchemy (in Chaucer).
  • n. Theology: this nse of the word was common in the middle ages
  • n. Psychology and ethics; moral philosophy.
  • n. Physics; natural philosophy.
  • n. The fundamental part of any science; propædeutic considerations upon which a special science is founded; general principles connected with a science, but not forming part of it; a theory connected with any branch of human activity: as, the philosophy of. science; the philosophy of history; the philosophy of government.
  • n. A doctrine which aims to be philosophy in any of the above senses.
  • n. A calm temper which is unruffled by small annoyances; a stoical impassiveness under adversity
  • n. See the adjectives.
  • n. The philosophy of Hegel. Also called objective philosophy.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  • n. the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
  • n. any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation

Etymologies

Middle English philosophie, from Old French, from Latin philosophia, from Greek philosophiā, from philosophos, lover of wisdom, philosopher; see philosopher.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Anglo-Norman philosophie, Old French philosophie, and their source, Latin philosophia, from Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία, from φίλος (philos, "beloved") + σοφία (sophia, "wisdom"). (Wiktionary)

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