from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Philosophy The theory that truth or certain truths are known by intuition rather than reason.
- n. Philosophy The theory that external objects of perception are immediately known to be real by intuition.
- n. Philosophy The theory that ethical principles are known to be valid through intuition.
- n. Philosophy The view that the subject matter of mathematics consists of the mental or symbolic constructions of mathematicians rather than independent and timeless abstractions, as is held in Platonism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An approach to mathematics/logic which avoids proof by contradiction, and which requires that, in order to prove that something exists, one must construct it.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Same as intuitionalism.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine of Reid and other Scotch philosophers that external objects are immediately known in perception, without the intervention of a vicarious phenomenon.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In Brouwer's philosophy, known as intuitionism, mathematics is a free creation of the human mind, and an object exists if and only if it can be (mentally) constructed.
The commentator also suggests that the classification is problematic; but the reasons given are considerably more obscure, and some of them seem based on not taking the Whewell-Mill example seriously, and on not paying attention to the meaning that it sets up for the label 'intuitionism' in particular, the comment doesn't seem to recognize what intuitionism meant in the time period from which I explicitly took the term.
For those who need more than I've given above to clarify what I mean by 'intuitionism' and 'utilitarianism', a good place to start is John Stuart Mill's "Whewell on Moral Philosophy"; it's partisan, but it's clear. posted by Brandon | 10:32 AM
German influence came to modify the whole controversy, the vital issue seemed to lie between the doctrine of Reid or 'intuitionism' on the one hand, and the purely 'experiential' school on the other, whether, as in France, it followed Condillac, or, as in England, looked back chiefly to Hartley.
"intuitionism" that views the body as something taken for granted, something there to touch, something outside language, in no way a philosophical problem.
'common-sense' view, and even to the hated 'intuitionism'; and Mill deserves the more credit for his candour.
In his middle period, inaugurated by the first formulations of the idea of “the place of Absolute Nothingness” in From That Which Acts to That Which Sees, Nishida's thought was characterized by a shift from his earlier voluntarism to a kind of intuitionism of pure seeing without a seer (see NKZ IV, 3 “ 6).
I'm giving ID every possible benefit of the doubt here – they can mean consciousness, or they can mean dualism, or they can stick with folk psychology and intuitionism, or any other thing they want.
I'm all for brainstorming, but I won't stop complaining about cognitive intuitionism being a dead-end street: If you don't say what you mean, then all of your ideas about mind will simply sink under equivocations that you're not even aware of.
The approach you seem to advocate is to simply bracket all questions about the referrents of mentalistic terms, and proceed according to intuitionism.
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