American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The philosophical doctrine holding that all matter has life, which is a property or derivative of matter.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine that all matter is endowed with life.
- n. A philosophical doctrine espousing that all or some material things possess life, or that all life is inseparable from matter.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. rare The doctrine that matter possesses a species of life and sensation, or that matter and life are inseparable.
- From Ancient Greek ὕλη (hulē) "matter" + ζωή (zōē) "life" (Wiktionary)
- Greek hūlē, matter + Greek zōē, life; + -ism. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term hylozoism unites with the conception of the formless material of the world (ὕλη), that of an animating power to which its formations and transformations are due.”
“There is a certain hylozoism which is only a childish, inexperienced way of looking on nature.”
“But, with the second successor of Aristotle, Strato of Lampsacus, another kind of hylozoism, clearly materialistic, came into existence.”
“It looks like your book is advocating an idea along the lines of hylozoism?”
“In discussing hylozoism and panpsychism, we're not talking about the notion that the universe as a whole is alive and conscious.”
“He believed in a rationally immanent world, but he rejected the hylozoism implicit in Leibniz and Baruch Spinoza.”
“But this latest work takes inspiration from hylozoism, the belief that all matter has life.”
“Kant also asserts that the very possibility of natural science proper depends on the law of inertia, since the rejection of it would be hylozoism, “the death of all natural philosophy” (4: 544).”
“First, the doctrine of hylozoism asserts that mind or life perme - ates the natural world.”
“At the same time, the differ - ence between living and nonliving things was less marked, because the ancients tended to assume that all matter possesses power and mobility and is quasi - alive (the assumption that the material world is alive is known as “hylozoism”).”
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