Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Hinduism A system of Hindu philosophy based on a dualism involving the ultimate principles of soul and potential matter.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. Alternative spelling of Samkhya.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A Hindu system of philosophy which refers all things to soul and a rootless germ called prakriti, consisting of three elements, goodness, passion, and darkness.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One of the six leading systems of Hindu philosophy.

Etymologies

Sanskrit sāṁkhya-, based on enumeration, Sankhya, from saṁkhyā, enumeration : sam, together; see sandhi + khyāti, he tells.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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