from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation.
- n. A resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoy other privileges there.
- n. A civilian.
- n. A native, inhabitant, or denizen of a particular place: "We have learned to be citizens of the world, members of the human community” ( Franklin D. Roosevelt).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A person that is legally recognized as a member of a state, with associated rights and obligations.
- n. A member of a state that is not a monarchy; used as antonym to subject.
- n. A person that is a legally recognized resident of a city or town.
- n. A resident of any particular place to which the subject feels to belong.
- n. A civilian, as opposed to a soldier, police officer etc.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises.
- n. An inhabitant of a city; a townsman.
- n. A person, native or naturalized, of either sex, who owes allegiance to a government, and is entitled to reciprocal protection from it.
- n. One who is domiciled in a country, and who is a citizen, though neither native nor naturalized, in such a sense that he takes his legal status from such country.
- adj. Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A native of a city or town, or one who enjoys the freedom and privileges of the city or town in which he resides; a freeman of a city or town, as distinguished from a foreigner or one not entitled to its franchises.
- n. Any inhabitant of a city or town, as opposed to an inhabitant of a rural district; a townsman.
- n. In a restricted sense, a person engaged in trade, as opposed to a person of birth and breeding.
- n. A member of the state or nation; one bound to the state by the reciprocal obligation of allegiance on the one hand and protection on the other.
- n. A private person, as opposed to a civil official or a soldier: as, a police officer in citizen's dress.
- Having the qualities of a citizen; town-bred; effeminate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
Middle English citisein, from Anglo-Norman citesein, alteration (perhaps influenced by dainzain, denizen) of Old French citeain, from cite, city; see city.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Anglo-Norman, from Old French citezein (spelling altered by influence of denizen), from Old French citeain (Modern French citoyen), from cite ("settlement (regardless of size), later meaning cathedral town") (Modern French cité, English city), from citet, from Latin civitas ("citizenship, community of citizens"), from civis ("townsman, citizen") (English civil, civilian), from Proto-Indo-European *kei- (“to lie, homestead”). (Wiktionary)