Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A freeman or citizen of an English borough.
  • n. A member of the English Parliament who once represented a town, borough, or university.
  • n. A member of the lower house of the legislature of colonial Virginia or Maryland.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An inhabitant of a borough with full rights; a citizen.
  • n. A town magistrate.
  • n. A representative of a borough in the Parliament.
  • n. A member of the House of Burgesses, a legislative body in the colonial America, established by Virginia Company to provide civil rule in the colonies.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An inhabitant of a borough or walled town, or one who possesses a tenement therein; a citizen or freeman of a borough.
  • n. One who represents a borough in Parliament.
  • n. A magistrate of a borough.
  • n. An inhabitant of a Scotch burgh qualified to vote for municipal officers.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In England, an inhabitant of a borough or walled town, or one who possesses a tenement therein; a citizen or freeman of a borough.
  • n. A representative of a borough in the British Parliament.
  • n. Hence The title given before the revolution to the representatives in the popular branch of the legislature of Virginia, which was styled the House of Burgesses, but is now called the House of Delegates. The title of members of the lower house in the colonial legislature of Maryland.
  • n. A magistrate of a corporate town.
  • n. A member of the corporation of a Scotch burgh; now, any inhabitant of a burgh of full age, rated for poor-rates, and not in arrears, and who for a period of three years has occupied any house, shop, or other building in it, not being an alien and not having received either parochial or burgh relief for twelve months preceding the last Whitsunday.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a citizen of an English borough
  • n. English writer of satirical novels (1917-1993)

Etymologies

Middle English burgeis, from Old French, from Late Latin burgēnsis, from burgus, fortified town; see bhergh-2 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English burgeis, from Anglo-Norman burgeis, of Germanic origin; either from Late Latin burgensis < *burgus or Frankish. See also bourgeois, burgish. (Wiktionary)

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