American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A citizen of a town or borough.
- n. A comfortable or complacent member of the middle class.
- n. A member of the mercantile class of a medieval European city.
- n. A citizen of a medieval European city.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An inhabitant of a burgh or borough, who enjoys the privileges of the borough of which he is a freeman; hence, any citizen of a borough or town.
- n. One of a body of Presbyterians in Scotland, constituting one of the divisions of the early Secession Church. This church became divided in 1747 into the Associate Synod, or Burghers, and the General Associate Synod, or Antiburghers, on the lawfulness of accepting the oath then required to be taken by the burgesses in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Perth. See
- n. In South Africa, a citizen of the former Transvaal Republic or of the Orange Free State.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A freeman of a burgh or borough, entitled to enjoy the privileges of the place; any inhabitant of a borough.
- n. (Eccl. Hist.) A member of that party, among the Scotch seceders, which asserted the lawfulness of the burgess oath (in which burgesses profess “the true religion professed within the realm”), the opposite party being called
- n. a member of the middle class
- n. a citizen of an English borough
- From Middle Dutch burgher (Modern Dutch: burger); from Middle High German burger; from Old High German burgari ("inhabitant of a fortress"); derivative of burg ("fortress, citadel"), from Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰərgʰ- (“fortified elevation”). Compare also Old English burgwaras ("inhabitants of a burg, burghers, citizens"). More at borough. (Wiktionary)
- German Bürger or Dutch burger, both from Middle High German burgaere, from Old High German burgārī, from burg, city; see bhergh-2 in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Jewish population, the so-called burgher estate,  consisting of petty artisans and those impoverished tradesmen who could not afford to enrol in the mercantile guilds, though there are cases on record where poor”
“In times of peace the citizen of the Boer republics was called a burgher, and when he took up arms and went to war he received no special title to distinguish him from the man who remained at home.”
“It was not within the walls of his own house alone that the burgher might be a man of importance.”
“His 'burgher's brief,' as a citizen of St. Bartholomew, is now in my possession.”
“Therefore every sailor belonging to those islands is provided with a document, called a 'burgher's brief,' which, like an American protection, gives a minute description of the person of the bearer, and is signed and sealed by the official authorities.”
“In point of fact the ambitions and hypocrisies, pretences and prejudices of the Cingalese "burgher" with the tell-tale finger-nails are merely those of Bristol or Amsterdam evolved under Colonial conditions.”
“Old men are now living who have not forgotten those days when all distinctions vanished, when the only name heard was "burgher," and when the skeptical and daring favorites of the people obtained seats in the national assembly.”
“Once you are from Pittsburgh, you've got that 'burgher' in you.”
“a "burgher" ( "townsman") -- a soldier, appointed to learn that profession that he may guard the walls -- the exact reverse of _our_ notion of a burgher.”
“Painted just before Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam from Leiden, it depicts an eminent local burgher, clad in dark robes and rising up majestically against a twilight background.”
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