American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A governor in India under the Mogul Empire. Also called nawab.
- n. A person of wealth and prominence.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A viceroy or governor of a province in India under the Mogul empire: as, the nabob of Oudh; the nabob of Surat. The nabob was, properly speaking, a subordinate provincial governor, who acted under a soubah or viceroy.
- n. An honorary title occasionally conferred upon Mohammedans of distinction.
- n. An Anglo-Indian who has acquired great wealth and lives in Eastern luxury; hence, any very rich and luxurious man.
- n. An Indian ruler within the Mogul empire; a nawab.
- n. by extension Someone of great wealth or importance.
- n. by extension A person with a grandiose style or manner.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A deputy or viceroy in India; a governor of a province of the ancient Mogul empire.
- n. One who returns to Europe from the East with immense riches: hence, any man of great wealth.
- n. a governor in India during the Mogul empire
- n. a wealthy man (especially one who made his fortune in the Orient)
- In colloquial usage in English since 1612, from Urdu, from Persian, from the honorific plural of Arabic نائب (nā’ib, "deputy"). (Wiktionary)
- Hindi nawāb, nabāb, from Arabic nuwwāb, pl. of nā'ib, deputy, active participle of nāba, to represent; see nwb in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I introduced him to her, and left her to improve the impression: 'tis well I was married in time; a nabob is a dangerous rival.”
“The family name, indeed, may stem from the same Arabic root as the word nabob, having been brought into Russia by the fourteenth-century Tatar prince Nabok Murza.”
“One morning, passing through Vessory Bazar, I was greatly shocked at seeing the nabob's elephant take up a little child in his trunk and dash its brains out against the ground; the only reason that could be observed was, that the child had thrown some pebble stones at it; and the only redress the poor disconsolate mother could obtain was a gift of fifty pagodas from the nabob, which is about equal to twenty pounds sterling.”
“Nobody, not even his old Eton chums, seemed to know much about him except that he was some kind of nabob, with connections in Leadenhall Street, but he was well received in Society, where his money and manners paid for all.”
“tis well I was married in time; a nabob is a dangerous rival.”
“State, -- where he was growing rich fast enough to be able to decline that famous Russian offer which would have made him a kind of nabob in”
“I knew that Brice had been what we used to call a nabob and had made a fortune in India. ”
“At Christmas -- at every season, indeed -- the hospitable old "nabob" 1 entertained throngs of guests; and, if we choose to go back in fancy, we may see those Virginians of the old age amid their most characteristic surroundings.”
““If your nabob is a nabob, he can very well afford to give madame the furniture.”
“State, -- where he was growing rich fast enough to be able to decline that famous Russian offer which would have made him a kind of nabob in a few years.”
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