American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A word or words by which an entity is designated and distinguished from others.
- n. A word or group of words used to describe or evaluate, often disparagingly.
- n. Representation or repute, as opposed to reality: a democracy in name, a police state in fact.
- n. A reputation: has a bad name.
- n. A distinguished reputation: made a name for himself as a drummer.
- n. An illustrious or outstanding person: joined several famous names for a photograph. See Synonyms at celebrity.
- v. To give a name to: named the child after both grandparents.
- v. To mention, specify, or cite by name: named the primary colors.
- v. To call by an epithet: named them all cowards.
- v. To nominate for or appoint to a duty, an office, or an honor. See Synonyms at appoint.
- v. To specify or fix: We need to name the time for our meeting.
- adj. Informal Well-known by a name: a name performer.
- idiom. in the name of By the authority of: Open up in the name of the law!
- idiom. in the name of For the reason of; using as a reason: grisly experiments performed in the name of science.
- idiom. to (one's) name Belonging to one: I don't have a hat to my name.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A word by which a person or thing is denoted; the word or words by which an individual person or thing, or a class of persons or things, is designated, and distinguished from others; appellation; denomination; designation. In most communities of European civilization at the present day the name a person bears is double—consisting of the family name or surname and the Christian or distinctively personal name, which latter ordinarily precedes the surname, but in some countries stands last. Either of these name-elements may and (the personal name especially) often does consist of two or more names as component parts. An ancient Roman of historical times had necessarily two names, one distinguishing his family or gens, the nomen, or nomen gentilicium, and the other, the prenomen, distinguishing the individual: as. Caius Marius—that is, Caius of the gens of the Marii. Every Roman citizen belonged also to a familia, a branch or subdivision of his gens, and hence had or might have a third name, or cognomen, referring to the familia. This cognomen was always borne by men of patrician estate; and in the case of men of distinction a fourth name or epithet (cognomen secundum, or agnomen) was sometimes added, in reference to some notable achievement of the individual: thus, Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus was Lucius, of the Scipio branch of the Cornelian gens, who had won personal distinction in Asia. Women as a rule bore only the feminine form of the nomen of their gens: as, Cornelia, Tullia. But sometimes, especially at a comparatively late date, they received also an individual prenomen, which was the feminine form of the prenomen of the husband, or, still later, was given to them, as in the case of boys, in infancy.
- n. Figuratively, an individual as represented by his name; a person as existing in the memory or thoughts of others.
- n. That which is commonly said of a person; reputation; character: as, a good name; a bad name; a name for benevolence.
- n. Renown; fame; honor; eminence; distinction.
- n. The mere word by which anything is called, as distinguished from the thing itself; appearance only, not reality: as, a friend in name, a rival in reality.
- n. Persons bearing a particular name or patronymic; a family; a connection.
- n. A person or thing to be remembered.
- n. In grammar, a noun.
- n. Right, ownership, or legal possession, as represented by one's name: as, to hold property in one's own name, or in the name of another. In this use the word usually implies that where there is a recorded title it stands in the name referred to, but not necessarily that there is any record of title.
- n. In behalf of; on the part of; by the authority of: used often in invocation, adjuration, or the like: as, it was done in the name of the people; in the name of common sense, what do you mean? in God's name, spare us.
- n. In the capacity or character of.
- n. Compare name of God.
- n. Synonyms Name, Appellation, Title, Designation, Denomination, Style. Name is the simplest and most general word for that by which any person or thing is called: as, “His name is John,” Luke i. 63. An appellation is a descriptive and therefore specific term, as Saint Louis; John's appellation was the Baptist; George Washington has the appellation of Father of his Country. A title is an official or honorary appellation, as reverend, bishop, doctor, colonel, duke. A designation is a distinctive appellation or title, marking the individual, as Charles the Simple, James the Less. Denomination is to a class what designation is to an individual: as, coin of various denominations; a common use of the word is in application to a separate or independent Christian body or organization. Style may be essentially the same as appellation, but it is now generally limited to a name assumed or assigned for public use: as, the style of his most Christian Majesty; they transacted business under the firm style of Smith & Co.
- n. Repute, credit, note.
- To distinguish by bestowing a particular appellation upon; denominate; entitle; designate by a particular appellation or epithet.
- To mention by name; pronounce or record the name of: as, the person named in a document; also, to mention in general; speak of.
- To nominate; designate for any purpose by name; specify; prescribe.
- In the British House of Commons, to mention formally by name as guilty of a breach of the rules or of disorderly conduct calling for suspension or some other disciplinary measure.
- To pronounce to be; speak of as; call.
- Synonyms To call, term, style, dub.
- n. See nam.
- n. Any nounal word or phrase which indicates a particular person, place, class, or thing.
- n. Reputation.
- n. A person (or legal person).
- n. computing A unique identifier, generally a string of characters.
- n. An investor in Lloyds of London bearing unlimited liability.
- v. transitive To give a name to.
- v. transitive To mention, specify.
- v. transitive To identify as relevant or important
- v. transitive To publicly implicate.
- v. transitive To designate for a role.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The title by which any person or thing is known or designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of an individual or a class.
- n. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person or thing, on account of a character or acts.
- n. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation; fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable estimation; distinction.
- n. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
- n. Poetic A person, an individual.
- v. To give a distinctive name or appellation to; to entitle; to denominate; to style; to call.
- v. To mention by name; to utter or publish the name of; to refer to by distinctive title; to mention.
- v. To designate by name or specifically for any purpose; to nominate; to specify; to appoint.
- v. (House of Commons) To designate (a member) by name, as the Speaker does by way of reprimand.
- n. a language unit by which a person or thing is known
- n. a well-known or notable person
- n. by the sanction or authority of
- v. identify as in botany or biology, for example
- v. determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis
- v. charge with a function; charge to be
- v. assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to
- n. a person's reputation
- v. make reference to
- n. family based on male descent
- v. mention and identify by name
- n. a defamatory or abusive word or phrase
- v. create and charge with a task or function
- v. give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property
- v. give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of
- From Middle English name, nome, from Old English nama, noma ("name; noun; the particular word used to denote any object of thought not considered in a purely individual character; title; reputation; the reputation of some character or attribute; the mere appellation in contrast or opposition to the actual person or thing"), from Proto-Germanic *namô (“name”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nḗh₃mn̥ (“name”). Cognate with Scots name, naim, nem ("name"), North Frisian Neem, Naam, nööm, noome ("name"), Saterland Frisian Noome ("name"), West Frisian namme ("name"), Dutch naam ("name"), Low German Name ("name"), German Name ("name"), Danish navn ("name"), Swedish namn ("name"), Icelandic nafn ("name"), Latin nōmen ("name"). See also neven. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English nama; see nŏ̄-men- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The cost works out to about $19k / yr, or $50 / day to trap _each_ name and respond with a simple name+ (a, b, c) reply.”
“Promoted to Headline (H3) on 5/17/09: Bush-Obama: 'A rose by any other name 'yahooBuzzArticleHeadline =' Bush-Obama: \'A rose by any other name\ ''; yahooBuzzArticleSummary = 'Article: Who said, "A war criminal is a war ciminal is a war criminal?"”
“I also like how they've quoted people on the poster but used their twitter @name instead of their real name.”
“The farm-horse will not do this; but he is quite obedient to call, and distinguishes his name readily from that of his companion, and will not stir when desired to stand until _his own name_ is pronounced.”
“But our Redeemer overruled his fears, and charged him a second time to go to him, saying: _Go, for he is a vessel of election to carry my name before Gentiles and kings, and the children of Israel: and I will show him how much he has to suffer for my name_.”
“And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads, and _that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name_. ”
“In the sentence, _I name HIM_, note that _him_ is the object of the verb _name_.”
“ And of a German bearing the genuinely aristocratic name of von Landsschaffshausen who changed it to a typically English name because the latter seemed more distinguished to his neighbors.”
“Why did I scarcely ever hear you name the _name of Christ_?”
“ Name, name, Mr. J, cried Hunt in a boisterous tone of friendly exultation, name as many as you please, without reserve or fear of molestation!”
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